Online since 2002 |   866-316-0162

Articles and News

Illness That Peak in The Autumn Season

Illness That Peak in The Autumn Season
Christine Kijek

As we transition from summer into Autumn, viral illness becomes more prevalent. We start spending more time indoors and in closed spaces as the weather turns from cool to cold. Several illnesses are commonly spread during this time. For some, these viral illnesses can be dangerous. The elderly population, the young, and those with compromised immune systems are more apt to develop complications from mere viruses. Many of the symptoms of these viral conditions are similar.  


As the leaves start to fall, molds and mold spores become prominent. These are the most common allergens for many. Another is dust mites. These are everywhere in our homes, but once the windows are closed and the heat comes up for the first time, dust mites are stirred up. 

The common cold  

The virus that causes the common cold is around all year long, but the fall season is the peak time for colds. A cold has stages.  

  • Stage 1 - Begins with the first symptom and lasts about three days. Symptoms include throat itchiness, and sneezing. 
  • Stage 2 - Day 4 through 7, worsening symptoms, thicker mucous congestion, some develop a fever.  
  • Stage 3 - Day seven to the resolution of symptoms.  

Prevention- Hand hygiene, wash them frequently. Avoid touching your face and eyes. Cover your nose and mouth when coughing. Avoid crowded spaces.  

If you develop the symptoms of a cold, take over-the-counter (OTC) medications to manage your symptoms. Taking extra vitamin C and zinc is helpful.  


Flu season begins in late fall. It is wise to consider getting a flu vaccine in late summer to early fall. It takes about 6 weeks to develop immunity after the vaccine. The flu lasts on average 3 to 7 days. Symptoms come on fast and include:  

  • Headache, body aches  
  • Fever/chills  
  • Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea  
  • Wheezing/cough/congestion  
  • Sore throat  
  • Chest tightness 

Complications include:  

Prevention- Hand hygiene, avoid crowds, cover your mouth when sneezing/coughing, eat healthily, rest and lower stress levels.  

Sore throat  

A sore throat starts with a scratchy feeling in the back of the throat. The voice can become hoarse. You may feel itchy, watery eyes and note some congestion. The glands in the neck can swell. Loss of appetite is common.  

Prevention- Hand hygiene, don’t share utensils, food, or drink, and avoid crowds. 



Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinus tissue surrounding the nasal passages. This causes a feeling of fullness in the nasal passages and can cause headaches. The pressure from inflammation can cause deferred pain in the upper teeth. Congestion and post-nasal drip are common and discharge from the nose can be green in color.  

Prevention- Manage allergies and congestion, drink plenty of fluids to this mucous, and keep nasal passages moist, using a nasal saline spray or a Netty pot.  

Ear infection  

More common in children, an ear infection may be a result of other illnesses such as allergies, a cold, or the flu. Viral infection in the middle ear is common as well. Symptoms include ear pain, dizziness, loss of hearing, fullness, or pressure in the ear. If left untreated, vomiting and fever can occur.  

Prevention- Manage symptoms of cold, flu, and allergies with OTC medications, hand hygiene, and avoid cleaning inside the ears with cotton swabs.   


Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial tubes that carry air into the lungs. Viral infection is a common cause. You may feel chest congestion or tightness, feel short of breath, or experience wheezing. A sore throat and chills are common with bronchitis, along with a cough that produces mucous that is clear, green, or yellow.  

Prevention- Hand hygiene, avoid smoking, avoid fumes, vapor and dust. Manage viral symptoms with OTC medications.  

Asthma flare  

Asthma flare-ups are common with many of these Autumn illnesses. Cold and dampness can dry the airways, triggering a flare.  

Prevention- Avoid triggers, avoid poor air quality spaces (places where smoking occurs). Use inhalers if needed.  


Norovirus is very contagious and is prevalent from fall through winter. It causes inflammation in the stomach lining and spreads from person to person or by eating contaminated food. Symptoms include abdominal pain/cramping, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle pain.

Prevention- Hand hygiene, especially when preparing meals or after toileting. Do not prepare meals or care for others if you are sick. Disinfect bathrooms, faucets, and toilets.  

Vitamin D deficiency  

Vitamin D deficiency is common when we don’t spend time in the sun. Our body produces it with sun exposure. Adequate levels of vitamin D keep the immune system functioning well. It is essential for physical and mental wellness. The symptoms of deficiency include fatigue, bone and back pain, hair loss, poor wound healing, and depression.

Prevention- Eat foods rich in vitamin D (fatty fish, seafood, mushrooms, milk, yogurt, cheese). Consider taking a vitamin D supplement.  

Seasonal affective disorder  

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder, and is common in the fall and winter months. It can lead to clinical depression. Symptoms include sadness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, increased sleepiness, and weight gain.  

Prevention- Physical exercise, vitamin D supplements, self-care  


Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. It is not necessarily a condition related to the fall months, but it can be exacerbated by cold, damp weather. Typical flare symptoms include joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and tenderness.  

Prevention- Exercise regularly, eat well and control weight.  

Many of these conditions are not restricted to the fall but tend to be present more as we transition to the cooler weather and spend more time indoors. Covid 19 is yet another concern as we transition during this time. If you kept tabs on the flu season the past few years, the numbers have been lower than usual. I attribute this to mask-wearing and increased awareness of hand hygiene.  

Keep up the good work, and don’t let your guard down! 


Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics, and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our reviewed content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.

HPFY Christine Kijek

Christine Kijek

LinkedIn Profile


Christine Kijek is a registered nurse with a Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing. She has completed courses for wound and ostomy specialty and has 20 years of experience. She has been ...

Read More

Trending Articles

What Everyone Should Know About Resistance Band Colors

Kevin Cleary

Resistance exercise bands come in a number of colors and it’s not just for decoration. Many people use these bands however, they do not have the knowledge of the colors and the purpose with which they are designed.

5 Facts about Syringes You Wish You Knew Before

Kevin Cleary

A syringe is a pump consisting of a snugly fit piston(or plunger) within a calibrated glass or plastic cylinder called a barrel.The syringe is equipped with a hypodermic needle, nozzle, or tubing that helps direct the flow of medication.


Kevin Cleary

Breathing disorders, such as COPD or asthma, can be a major detriment when it comes to quality-of-life issues.Treating these breathing ailments with medications is the main course of treatment.Being able to deliver aerosol medication directly into the lungs in an expedited fashion is the best way to manage these lung disorders. The use of a nebulizer for aerosol medications allows for the efficient and easy delivery of these medications.


Kevin Cleary

An enema is used for many reasons.Just as there are many reasons, there are different types of enemas, each of which contains different ingredients and works differently in the body. While some may choose an enema to soften stool or for routine colon cleansing, the reason for using an enema may have more of a medical necessity.


Taikhum Sadiq

Cervical traction is a technique applied to the cervical region of the body to help alleviate neck pain, discomfort, and other physical conditions related to the cervical region.Cervical traction works by stressing the neck, pulling, and pushing, thus reducing the pressure on the spine, the neck, and the upper torso.Excessive stress on the neck, spine, and upper region, due to a wide range of conditions or injuries can cause severe pain and can lead to other complications.Cervical traction devices help alleviates these conditions thus offering overall body rehabilitation and treatment options.