Enteral Feeding Tubes

Enteral feeding is a means of supplying nutrition, water and medication to a patient who is unable to take in food directly through the mouth or unable to swallow. The patient, who could be an adult or a child, is fed by a feeding tube which is a medical device designed for this purpose. The feeding tube may be inserted through the nostrils and into the stomach or directly inserted through the abdomen and into the stomach through a surgically-created or non-surgical opening. At HPFY you will find a wide variety of feeding tubes for delivering nutrition. These tubes are high in quality and performance.

Page 1 of 5 (95 total)

Types of Enteral Feeding Tubes

There are different types of feeding tubes. Enteral feeding tubes that are inserted into the stomach through the nose are called nasogastric, nasoduodenal or nasojejunal tubes. Those enteral feeding tubes placed directly into the abdomen are referred to as a gastrostomy, gastrojejunostomy or jejunostomy feeding tubes.

Nasogastric Feeding Tubes

  • Nasogastric feeding tube, or NG-tube, is an enteral feeding tube which is inserted through the nares or nostrils down the esophagus and into the stomach. Nasogastric tube feeding is usually short-term and therefore, non-invasive and not requiring surgery. 

  • A nasojejunal feeding tube, or NJ-tube, is an enteral feeding tube that is inserted through the nostrils and threaded through the stomach and into the jejunum which is the central part of the small intestine. A nasoduodenal tube, or ND-tube, is placed through the nose and into the first part of the small intestine or duodenum.

Gastrostomy Feeding Tubes

A gastrostomy feeding tube, or G-tube, is for those who need long-term tube feeding procedure. The G-tube is inserted through an opening in the abdomen. A surgery or laparoscopy may be done to insert the feeding tube. There are three basic types of gastrostomy feeding tubes – PEG or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding tube, standard gastrostomy feeding tube and low profile gastrostomy tube.

PEG Feeding Tubes

PEG, or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, is a tube feeding procedure in which the enteral feeding tube is placed into the stomach endoscopic-ally and retained either by a balloon or a retention dome. This enteral feeding tube placement takes about 20 minutes and involves inserting a needle through the abdomen and passing a suture through the needle which is then pulled up through the esophagus by the endoscope. The PEG tube, which is still outside the body, is then tied to the suture and pulled back through the esophagus, into the stomach and out through the abdomen. The PEG tube allows fluid, medication and nutrition to be delivered directly into the stomach of the patient without needing to go through the mouth and esophagus. Generally, this tube feeding procedure involves keeping the enteral feeding tube in the stomach for about three months.

Standard Gastrostomy Tubes

Standard gastrostomy tubes are also referred to as a button and available in both balloon or non-balloon tube types. This enteral feeding tube placement involves insertion of the tube into the patient surgically or through a laparoscopy.

Low Profile Gastrostomy Tubes

  • Low profile gastrostomy tubes are less bulky, less visible under regular clothing and therefore referred to as low profile. These enteral feeding tubes are available with balloon and non-balloon. Tubes with a balloon have water-filled balloons that hold the tube in place inside the body. Non-balloon tubes have a soft plastic bolster at the tip which holds the tube in place. 

  • Low profile gastrostomy tubes have to initially be inserted by a doctor but can be changed at home by self or a caregiver. 

  • Kimberly-Clark Mic-Key enteral feeding tubes are popular and widely prescribed for their unobtrusive presence. These tubes are available in various sizes and designed to give a secure fit to minimize chances of leakage.

Caring For Your Enteral Feeding Tubes

  • Feeding tube care is important to maintain the overall wellbeing of the patient. The caregiver or the patient himself can ensure the feeding tube is cleaned after every feed or medication. 

  • To ensure the feeding tube is not clogged, your tube should be thoroughly flushed with water after every feed. If you notice clogging of the tube, then place the syringe into your feeding tube and pull back on the plunger and flush the tube with warm water.

When Should Alarm Bells Ring?

You may need to call a doctor if:
  • The tube cannot be unclogged 
  • The patient suffers a choking fit in the midst of feeding 
  • The patient starts finding it difficult to breathe in the midst of feeding 
  • The tube does not appear to be in your stomach 
  • There is diarrhea, constipation, nausea or dehydration 
  • The stoma site is inflamed, painful or has drainage

Enteral Feeding Tubes – Popular Buys

Following are among the top buys in enteral feeding supplies: