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Breast Pain : 7 Probable Causes & Potential Treatment Options

Breast Pain : 7 Probable Causes & Potential Treatment Options
Shweta Chaubey

Some Common Causes of Breast Pain   |  What can help with shooting pain in the breast   |  When is Shooting Pain in the Breast serious

Pain in the breast is quite common, so much so that around 70% of women have experienced shooting pain in their breasts at some point or other in their life. Many times, the pain is not serious and goes away on its own. In contrast to popular belief, pain in the breast alone is not even a typical sign of breast cancer. It is only concerning when other symptoms accompany the pain. Most women feel unbearable pain in the breasts a week or two before getting their period. 

Casual pain in the breast is not uncommon, and more or fewer results from hormonal fluctuations. If you are experiencing breast pain for a prolonged period, consult your doctor immediately and nip the cause at the earliest.  

Some Common Causes of Breast Pain

Often breast pain is caused due to hormonal changes but may also arise due to an infection, noncancerous blockages or tissue growths, and injuries to the chest or breast. Some very common reasons for sharp pain in the breast include -  

1. Menstrual cycle 

Many menstruators experience tenderness and shooting pain in the breast due to hormonal change that comes and goes after their menstrual cycle. 

This stabbing pain in the breast is called cyclic breast pain, developing around a week or so before and going away after the period. Additionally, cyclic breast pain causes - 

  • heaviness in both breasts 
  • discomfort or lumpiness in the breast 
  • nipple pain 
  • tenderness and tightness in the breast 

Wearing well-fitting bras provides comfortable support, which can relieve the cyclic pain in the breast. 

2. Bacterial Infection 

Bacterial infections in the breast are usually caused by a common bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus, found on the skin or the nose. The bacteria may enter the skin via a crack in the skin, usually on the nipple. The breast's fatty tissue is most infected in this type of infection, and the swelling pushes on the milk ducts, making breasts pain, swelling, and lumps. Common symptoms of bacterial infection (mastitis) include -  

  • Tenderness 
  • Sudden and intense pain 
  • Warmth or redness 
  • Swelling and itching 
  • Abscesses 
  • Fever and nipple discharge 

Mastitis is treated using antibiotics and a warm cloth on the breast. When there is an unhealing abscess, a doctor may have to drain it, which should not be done at home on one's own. 

3. Breast Cysts  

Breast cysts are oval or round tissue growths filled with liquid. 25% of breast masses are benign cysts and are moveable under the skin. However, for a large, painful, or uncomfortable cyst, a doctor may have to drain it using a fine needle.  

While diagnosing a breast cyst, a doctor may require a test using the cells or fluids from within the cyst to see if the cyst has irregular or scalloped edges or shows signs of debris or solid areas to rule out the chances of breast cancer. 

4. Gestation and Motherhood 

Pregnancy changes a lot in the breasts, spikes certain hormones, and increases blood flow and fluid levels, causing pain, swelling, and tenderness in the breast. Additionally, many women complain about cramping while breastfeeding. This may happen due to milk building up in the milk ducts, causing them to get clogged, resulting in slower milk flow and painful lump formation.  

Using a breast pump and other maternity products, wearing a maternity bra, nursing bra, or sports bra helps alleviate pain post-pregnancy. 

5. Fibroadenomas  

Smooth, noncancerous lumps that are easily moveable under the skin and are usually painless are known as fibroadenomas and may hurt before their period.  

Most of the time, fibroadenomas do not need any treatment. However, painful and complex lumps might pose a threat and require surgery to be done. 

6. Referred Pain 

Interestingly, breast pain is not the actual pain site and may occur due to excessive pain in another part of the body, which is called referred pain. A compressed nerve in the body may cause some sensation in the breast. Breast pain may radiate from-   

  • Neck and Shoulders Blades  
  • Lungs  
  • Upper Arms  
  • Armpits  
  • Upper Spine  
  • Throat or Esophagus  

It is always advised to consult a doctor to identify the actual reason behind the shooting pain in the breast and treat it effectively. 

7. Other common causes for stabbing pain in the breast 

Apart from the aforementioned reasons, shooting pain often may result from a -   

  • Chest injury  
  • Breast surgery 
  • Poorly fitted bras 
  • Large breasts (that may cause strain in the neck and back) 
  • Medicines 

Poorly fitted bras can also cause imbalanced posture, which can further strain the breasts and back and cause upper and lower back pain. Some medicines can have grave side effects too, which can lead to excessive pain in breast. Many women with heavy breasts suffer from the problems of stabbing breast pain because of the excess pressure put on their neck, shoulder, and chest. Proper exercise, a healthy diet, and effective support or compression bras can help one curb the throbbing pain in breasts. 

What can help with shooting pain in the breast?

To relieve pain in the breast, wear soft, comfortable bras, apply gentle heat, and take over-the-counter drugs. HPFY offers a wide range of breast support and pain relief products. These help in curbing the pain for a short while however, if the pain persists, after using these, seek medical help. 

1. Temperature Therapy For Breast Pain That Comes And Goes

Heat and cold packs are effectively used for pain relief. While heat relaxes the sore muscles and calms the pinching feeling in the breast, the ice helps in relieving the inflammation and improving blood flow to the area. 

Battle Creek moist heat pack is considered effective in treating breast pain that comes and goes. It conforms to the body contours, reducing the air spaces between the pack and the breast so that efficient heat is provided to the body tissues. Battle Creek hot pad offers intense moist heat without adding water and relieves pain and stiffness for hours.

If the breast pain is caused due to breastfeeding, consider using a cold compress after the nursing session. Sammons Preston Durable Cold Packs provide cooling pain relief for up to as long as thirty minutes when frozen. The standard-size cold therapy pack help in relieving swelling in various parts of the body. It can deliver cold therapy for as long as up to 30 minutes.

2. Compression Bras For Shooting Pain In the Breast

Women who have recently undergone breast surgery may also experience tingling and stinging pain in the breast, armpit, and chest wall. Many women also complain about having shoulder or scar pain. Compression bras can be an ideal method for curbing the pain if it has been two or more weeks since you had the surgery. 

Compression bra offers medical-grade compression to increase blood circulation and reduce the risk of lymphedema. It evenly distributes compression around the back and provides support so that the wearer can move easily after mastectomy or reconstructive surgery.

Ill-fitted bras can also potentially lead to stinging pain in the breast. If the bra is too tight or has an underwire, it can dig into the skin and damage the breast tissues. Hence, when choosing a mastectomy bra, you must check the bra size guide first. 

Amoena Sina Seamless bra is widely used for post-surgical recovery. It offers medium pressure and has flexible, seamless cups to ensure optimal stability. It feels soft and gentle on the skin and offers exceptional comfort.


When is Shooting Pain in the Breast serious? 

As mentioned earlier, stabbing pain in the breast alone is not serious; however, when some other symptoms accompany the breast pain, it is time to consult a doctor. These symptoms may be -  

  • Prolonged and not going away pain in the breast. 
  • Chest pressure. 
  • Trouble breathing, with or without chest discomfort. 
  • Discomfort or pain in the jaw, neck, one or both arms, stomach, or back. 
  • Painful contraction or fullness in the center of the chest. 
  • Lightheadedness, nausea, or cold sweat. 
  • Unconsciousness. 


Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.


HPFY Shweta Chaubey

Shweta Chaubey

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Shweta Chaubey, has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2021. An advocate-turned-writer, her desire to create meaningful and positive content has brought her to HPFY and what better than writing ...

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