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Prediabetes – Your Plan For A Diabetes-Free Future

Prediabetes – Your Plan For A Diabetes-Free Future
Kevin Cleary

We probably have all heard or know someone dealing with type II diabetes, but did you know that there is a condition that leads up to that diagnosis?  

Prediabetes can be a warning that your blood glucose levels are elevated, which could put you at high risk for type II diabetes. However, don't think of it as just a warning. 

High sugar levels increase your risk of damaging your organs, especially your heart, kidneys, and nerves. So, let's get to the information you need about prediabetes so you can make changes to head off type II diabetes

What is prediabetes? 

Also known as hyperglycemia or impaired glucose tolerance is characterized by higher-than-normal blood glucose levels. However, this level is not high enough for type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, it serves as a crucial warning sign, indicating a higher risk of developing full-blown diabetes in the future.

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Signs of prediabetes 

As the Mayo Clinic points out, prediabetes usually doesn't have obvious signs or symptoms. However, they state that one possible sign is darkened skin on specific body parts, such as the neck, armpits, and groin.  

Symptoms that you may have progressing from prediabetes to type II diabetes as: 

  • Increased thirst 
  • Fatigue 
  • Frequent urination 
  • Numbness/tingling in hands and feet 
  • Increased hunger 
  • Slow-healing sores 
  • Unintended weight loss 
  • Frequent infections 

Risk Factors 

It is yet to be clarified why some people develop prediabetes while others don't. Body weight, diet, and physical activity may play a role, but there may be a genetic link. Some risk factors for it can include: 

  • Age (45 or older) 
  • Family member with type II diabetes 
  • Overweight/obesity 
  • Sedentary lifestyle 
  • Nationality (African, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Island, & Native American highest risk) 


Diabetes is a disorder in which our bodies struggle with blood sugar or glucose. While type I and type II deal with how our bodies respond to sugar, there are many differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.  

Since most diabetic patients develop type II diabetes, the indication can be a helpful tool to head it off. Complications of type II diabetes can include dangerous health conditions such as: 

So, what's the best way to determine if you risk developing this disease?  

Prediabetes Tests and Screening Methods 

Your doctor will perform blood tests to assess blood glucose levels. These tests include -  

1. A1C For Prediabetes 

It tests a component of your blood called hemoglobin. It is a protein that binds with sugar, and when high blood cells with sugar are stuck to their hemoglobin, this can indicate -  

  • Normal:<5.7% 
  • Prediabetes: 5.7%-6.4% 
  • Diabetes:> 6.5% 

2. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test 

This test measures how your body reacts to drinking a sugary liquid two hours after consuming it. 

  • Normal:<140 mg/dl 
  • Prediabetes: 140 mg/dl-199 mg/dl 
  • Diabetes:> 200 mg/dl 

3. Fasting Blood Sugar Test  

This test is usually administered in the morning since it measures your blood sugar when you haven't had food or drink for 8 hours. 

  • Normal:<100 mg/dl 
  • Prediabetes: 100 mg/dl-125 mg/dl 
  • Diabetes:> 126 mg/dl 

Prediabetes Treatment 

1. Prediabetes self-care 

Lifestyle changes can often prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. Here are some things you should do to keep diabetes at bay -  

  • Follow a prediabetes diabetic diet 

A diabetic diet includes whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Avoid processed foods, sugary beverages, and foods high in saturated and trans fats.  

Go for low glycemic index foods. These are less likely to increase blood sugar levels. 

  • Portion control 

Avoid overeating and maintain a healthy weight. Losing even a small amount (5-10% of body weight) reduces the risk of diabetes to a great extent. 

  •  Be physically active 

Regularly exercise to help control blood sugar levels. Indulge in moderate-intensity exercise, such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing, at least thrice a week. Additionally, incorporate strength training exercises at least two days a week. 

  •  Manage stress 

Chronic stress can affect your blood sugar levels. Practice relaxation techniques (deep breathing, meditation, yoga). Engage in hobbies, spend quality time with loved ones, or seek professional help, if need be. 

  • Monitor your blood sugar levels 

If your doctor recommends it, check your blood sugar levels regularly to track any changes. Similarly, it can help you understand how your lifestyle choices and habits impact your blood sugar levels. 

  •  Quit smoking 

Smoking increases the chances of diabetes and other health complications. If you smoke, consider quitting. Seek support from healthcare professionals or support groups to help you quit. 

  •  Limit alcohol consumption 

If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Stick to one or two drinks per day. Remember that alcohol contains calories and can affect blood sugar levels. 

  •  Stay hydrated 

Drink plenty of water throughout the day. It's a healthier choice compared to sugary beverages, which can cause glucose spikes. 

  • Get regular check-ups 

 Schedule regular appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor your prediabetes and overall health. They can provide guidance, monitor your progress, and adjust your treatment plan if necessary. You can monitor your blood glucose levels at home with glucometers. 

Remember, these self-care tips are general recommendations. Working closely with your healthcare provider to develop a plan that suits your needs and medical history is essential. 

2. Insulin 

Since there is no cure for type II diabetes, managing this disease means losing weight, eating well, and exercising. Still, if this cannot regulate your glucose levels, your doctor may prescribe diabetes medications or insulin injections. 

3. Essentials for Diabetes Management 

Here are some relevant products for prediabetes management available at HPFY.  

  • Glucometers and test strips 

Glucometers are devices that measure blood sugar levels. They are essential for people with prediabetes and diabetes, as they can help track blood sugar levels and check if they are in the prescribed range. Test strips are used with glucometers to measure blood sugar levels. 

  • Blood pressure monitors 

High BP is a significant risk factor for prediabetes. Blood Pressure Monitors measure accurate blood pressure (BP) levels.  

  • Weight loss products 

Weight loss improves blood sugar control and reduces chances of diabetes. Products for weight loss include diet pills and meal replacement shakes, to name a few. 

  • Exercise equipment 

Exercising also helps in blood sugar control. Exercise equipment like treadmills, ellipticals, and stationary bikes are perfect for cardio workouts.  

  • Diabetes education materials 

To manage diabetes properly, you first need to understand the condition. HPFY has various diabetes education materials, including books, websites, and apps. 


Can prediabetes be reversed? 

Fortunately, if caught early enough, prediabetes can give you a warning before type II diabetes develops fully. You can reverse this health scare if you heed the warnings through lifestyle changes such as proper diet and exercise. 

You can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) site for more information on prediabetes and the possibility of reversing your journey to type II diabetes. 

 Visit our site for everything you may need to help exercise and monitor your glucose levels to ensure that this warning stays just that - a warning! 


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Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics, and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our reviewed content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.


HPFY Kevin Cleary

Kevin Cleary

Kevin Cleary has been a Health Products For You contributor for many years and has a degree in marketing. His health and wellness journey has a very personal meaning and has guided him in his content writing for HPFY.

In 2006, ...

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