Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Anyone with diabetes is at a high risk of developing foot ulcers. These ulcers are commonly found below the big toe, or balls of your feet. They are caused due to skin breakdown exposing the layers underneath and sometimes can affect the feet down to the bones. If not cared for foot ulcers can even result in amputations. People with diabetes must take good care of their feet. Do not ignore early signs of infection and skin breakdown and discuss every issue with your doctor to avoid serious issues. HPFY brings to you an array of products for treatment and prevention of diabetic foot ulcers. Choose from these products and get attractive discounts!

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Symptoms of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

  • Any swelling, irritation, redness, numbness or odor from your feet can be early signs of a foot ulcer   

  • Drainage from the feet that might stain socks or leak into the shoe 

  • The black tissue or eschar surrounding the ulcer is a visible symptom of foot ulcer. Formation of eschar suggests the lack of healthy blood flow in the area around the ulcer 

  • You may also notice partial or complete gangrene.Gangrene is the tissue death due to infections

  • Any skin discoloration especially if the tissue becomes black must be reported 

  • Callused or irritated skin

  • A lump that may or may not be painful  

  • In many cases foot ulcers do not show any symptoms until the ulcer has become infected 

Classifications of Foot Ulcers

Foot ulcers may be classified under the following categories: 

  • 0: no ulcer but potential risk  

  • 1: ulcer without infection  

  • 2: deep ulcer that exposes joints and tendons  

  • 3: widespread ulcers with abscesses due to infection

Causes of Foot Ulcers

  • Poor blood circulation  

  • High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)  

  • Nerve damage  

  • Irritated or wounded feet

Poor blood circulation makes it difficult wounds to heal. High blood glucose level also slows down the wound healing process. So for effective treatment of foot ulcers it is critical to control the blood sugar levels. Diabetes may also cause nerve damage resulting in loss of feeling in your legs. Nerve damage reduces the sensation of pain in the feet that may result in painless wounds that can get infected without you being aware of it. Diabetics are more prone to dry skin. This makes them more likely to have calluses, corns, and bleeding wounds.

Foot ulcers may also occur due to

  • Low quality shoes that are poorly fitted Poor foot hygiene  

  • Improperly trimmed toenails 

  • Alcoholism  

  • Eye disease due to diabetes  

  • Heart disease 

  • Kidney disease  

  • Obesity  

  • Tobacco use that inhibits circulation

Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Do not walk bare feet. Stay off your feet in order to prevent pain and ulcerations. This is called off loading which is helpful with some types of ulcers. Pressure on the feet from walking can worsen the infection and cause the ulcer to expand. Consider wearing diabetic shoes, casts or foot braces. You can also try compression socks like BSN Jobst Sensifoot Diabetic Sock 8-15 mmHg Crew Mild Compression Socks and foot creams like FNC Diabet-X Callus Treatment Cream to prevent corns and calluses. Keep your feet clean and dry with Dr. Josephs Original Footbrush that is helpful in cleaning between the toes. More severe cases of foot ulcers might require surgical treatment.