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Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes: What is the Difference?

Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes: What is the Difference?
Kevin Cleary

Unfortunately, incidents of diabetes are increasing in our country. As many of you know there are two types of diabetes and the causes are quite different.

Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are related to how our body either doesn’t produce insulin or can’t absorb it in our cells. That’s the main difference between the two and both types of diabetes can lead to complications that can be life-threatening if left untreated for an extended period of time.

As your health and wellness partner, HPFY would like to shed light on the two types of diabetes and how they may affect you.

Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes

There’s a good chance you know someone living with diabetes. Understanding the subtle, but important differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can allow you to properly live with diabetes successfully.

Type I and type II diabetes occur due to issues with how the body produces insulin and how it’s used by our cells. Insulin is a peptide hormone that is produced in the pancreas by beta cells and regulates absorption of glucose in the blood. Those with insufficient or no production or absorption suffer from diabetes mellitus.

Differences in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes include:

Type I Diabetes Type II Diabetes
  • Beta cells can’t produce insulin
  • Diet released insulin too great
  • Autoimmune deficiency
  • Receptor cells less sensitive to insulin
  • Genetic but also environmental
  • Genetic and obesity, inactivity contributes
  • Commonly affects teens/children
  • Adults & elderly most commonly affected
  • The body produces little/no insulin
  • The body produces insulin but suffers insulin resistance
  • Sufferers often normal/thin
  • Those affected often are overweight/obese


According to the CDC, roughly 37.3 million Americans have diabetes, that’s about 11.3% of the population. This is troubling! What’s even more disturbing is 8.5 million people may be living with diabetes and don’t know it. On top of that, approximately 96 million US adults have been diagnosed prediabetic.

Type I vs Type II Diabetes

Controlling Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes

Whether you are diagnosed with Type I or Type II diabetes, adhering to lifestyle changes can help minimize the damage of your diabetes diagnosis. Items from our site can assist you on your diabetes wellness journey.

  • BD Ultra-Fine Short Needle Insulin Syringe: The BD Ultra-Fine Short Needle Insulin Syringe is engineered with optimal point geometry for maximum comfort and reliability, coated with special micro-bonded lubrication for a more comfortable injection. Moreover, this diabetic needle is manufactured with a special surgical grade of stainless steel and is used with U-100 insulin.
  • Abbott FreeStyle Sterile Lancets: The ultra-thin, 28-gauge stainless steel of these lancets provide comfort and are sterilized for protection when pricking your finger for testing your blood glucose levels. They are affordable and can be used with most lancing devices.
  • Medicool PenPlus Diabetic Case with Gel Pack: The stylish design of this case is perfect for everyone from men to women to medical personnel. The re-freezable gel pack can hold up to 4 vials of insulin or 2 insulin pens safely cool for up to 12 hours.

Success in dealing with either Type I or Type II diabetes requires diligence. Whether it’s diet, exercise, or glucose testing, it’s critically important to be compliant with your program. While there are subtle differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, it boils down to how our bodies produce or utilize insulin.

Be healthy!


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Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.


HPFY Kevin Cleary

Kevin Cleary

Kevin Cleary has been a Health Products For You contributor for many years and has a degree in marketing. His health and wellness journey has a very personal meaning and has guided him in his content writing for HPFY.

In 2006, ...

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