Articles and News

Types of Scars and Treatments

Kevin Cleary

Our skin is the largest organ in our body. It performs many functions, but the most important one is keeping organisms from entering our body. Just about every person has injured their skin at one time or another. Depending on these injuries, a scar can be left behind. The type of scar that forms on your skin after an injury is dependent upon many factors. A person’s age, the severity of the wound, heredity, and even a person’s ethnicity and sex matter in how a scar can form. Identifying the type of scar will help to determine the treatment that is best.

Types of Scars and Treatments

Keloid Scars

These scars are characterized by reddish growths on the skin, and are caused by excessive production of collagen in skin tissue. These are similar to hypertrophic scars, but are more serious since they can turn to numerous. Keloid scars can spread and expand beyond the area that was injured. Treatments for the elimination of this type of scar can include surgical removal of the keloid, laser treatments, steroid injections, and cryotherapy. Patients can also use pressure dressings or silicone sheets in the affected areas.

Hypertrophic Scars

Similar to keloid scars, these scars are also caused by excessive production of collagen. The main difference between the two is hypertrophic scars remain localized to the trauma area and don’t spread. Much like all thumbs are fingers, but not all fingers are thumbs, all keloid scars are hypertrophic, but hypertrophic scars are not keloid scars. These are caused by accidents, surgery, even unsterilized body piercing equipment and acne.

Contracture Scars

Scars of this nature are caused by burn accidents of the skin and possibly lead to the tightening of the skin in the affected area. This can lead to a loss of mobility. They can affect deeper layers of the skin where muscle and nerve tissues are.

Acne Scars

If anyone has suffered from severe acne, they more than likely bear the scars of that affliction. They can range from deep pits to scars that are wavy or rectangular. There are four different types of acne scars. A rolling acne scar has an undulating appearance and is soft, shallow, and wide and can be flattened when the skin is stretched. Boxcar acne scars usually appear around the temple and cheek and have a defined edge with deep vertical ridges. Ice pick acne scars are the most common and are characterized by deep narrow pits. They get their name because it looks like someone has been poked by an ice pick. Acne can leave behind keloid and hypertrophic scars also.

Atrophic Scars

Atrophic scars are just the opposite of keloid and hypertrophic scars. Instead of the scar being a raised tissue, the scars are formed below the skin surface. That’s because the injury that caused the scar damage the tissue below the skin. They can be caused by surgical procedures and skin conditions like acne and chickenpox.

Types of Scars and Treatments

Stretch Marks

Stretch marks are caused by a tearing of the dermis, leaving behind an off-color hue in the skin. Over time, the scars may diminish but not completely disappear. They are very common in pregnant women. Also, weight gain can contribute to the forming of this type of scar.

Treatments

There are many ways your doctor may want to treat the type of scar you have. Topical gels can be used to reduce scars. Many contain silicone and reduce redness, swelling, and pain while helping to eliminate the scar. These gels can be used with skin rejuvenators, which provide nutrients for the skin and rebuilds the tissue. These gels can even be found incorporated into strips. They use a combination of vitamins and natural oils to help promote skin healing. Also, silicone strips/pads can be used to help heal scars. This type of treatment seals the scar off from bacteria, hydrate the skin, and provide continuous light pressure. The application of ointments provide a waterproof barrier of silicone to help smooth, soften, and fade scars. These barriers are flexible and allow the skin to flex normally. Companies like Medline, New Medical, Merz Pharmaceutical, and Sammons all manufacturer these easy to use gels and strips/pads. Deeper scars may require a surgical solution. This includes skin grafts, laser treatments, dermabrasion, or excision. Keloid or hypertrophic scars can also be treated with steroid injections. The type of treatment depends on the size and type of scar.

 

Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.

 


HPFY Kevin Cleary

Kevin Cleary

Hi there, my name is Kevin Cleary. I was born in Westchester County in 1966 on December 3. I lived there until 1973 when my family moved. I graduated from high school in 1984 and then attended college in New ...

Read More

Trending aritcle

What Everyone Should Know About Resistance Band Colors

Kevin Cleary

Resistance exercise bands come in a number of colors and it’s not just for decoration. Many people use these bands however, they do not have the knowledge of the colors and the purpose with which they are designed.

5 Facts about Syringes You Wish You Knew Before

Kevin Cleary

A syringe is a pump consisting of a snugly fit piston(or plunger) within a calibrated glass or plastic cylinder called a barrel.The syringe is equipped with a hypodermic needle, nozzle, or tubing that helps direct the flow of medication.

TOP 5 BEST REVIEWED NEBULIZERS OF 2022

Kevin Cleary

Breathing disorders, such as COPD or asthma, can be a major detriment when it comes to quality-of-life issues.Treating these breathing ailments with medications is the main course of treatment.Being able to deliver aerosol medication directly into the lungs in an expedited fashion is the best way to manage these lung disorders. The use of a nebulizer for aerosol medications allows for the efficient and easy delivery of these medications.

MINERAL OIL VS SALINE ENEMA: WHICH ONE TO CHOOSE?

Kevin Cleary

An enema is used for many reasons.Just as there are many reasons, there are different types of enemas, each of which contains different ingredients and works differently in the body. While some may choose an enema to soften stool or for routine colon cleansing, the reason for using an enema may have more of a medical necessity.

FIVE BEST CERVICAL TRACTION DEVICES OF 2022

Taikhum Sadiq

Cervical traction is a technique applied to the cervical region of the body to help alleviate neck pain, discomfort, and other physical conditions related to the cervical region.Cervical traction works by stressing the neck, pulling, and pushing, thus reducing the pressure on the spine, the neck, and the upper torso.Excessive stress on the neck, spine, and upper region, due to a wide range of conditions or injuries can cause severe pain and can lead to other complications.Cervical traction devices help alleviates these conditions thus offering overall body rehabilitation and treatment options.