Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman's hormone levels. In PCOS, the ovaries produce too many male hormones.which causes the female body to skip the menstrual cycle and creates issues with fertility. If you have PCOS, your ovaries overproduce male hormones called androgens. Due to improper ovulation, many small sacs of fluid develop on the outer edge of the ovaries. These small sacs are called cysts. These cysts contain immature eggs which are not released on time, leading to irregular periods.
The exact cause is not known, but there are some known factors which play a role in PCOS:
Up to 40% of women are obese, and there is a direct link between obesity and PCOS. Therefore, the primary focus is making lifestyle changes to improve the condition. The first and foremost change one should make is to start exercising and reduce weight. Losing weight could help in regulating the menstrual cycle. It also helps improve cholesterol and insulin levels and reduces the chances of heart disease and diabetes.
Consuming a healthy diet also helps with weight loss. A diet that helps to reduce calorie consumption and lowers insulin levels is beneficial for those suffering from PCOS. A low glycemic index diet also helps to regulate periods.
Exercise combined with a healthy diet can help you reap the benefits effectively when treating PCOS.
There are also certain medical treatments that can help with PCOS:
In endometriosis, tissue similar to the tissue inside the uterus start to form on the outer lining and other parts of the pelvic area. During menstruation, this tissue breaks down but does not exit the body and causes severe pain. You can read more about endometriosis in the article What is Endometriosis?
In PCOS, there is no timely release of eggs which causes irregular periods and ovulation. Because of the excess male hormones, women grow excess facial and body hair.
Both conditions make it difficult to become pregnant.
PCOS is a common reason for the difficulty in pregnancy and affects a woman physically, mentally, and emotionally. While there are non-medical treatments such as exercising and lifestyle changes to reduce weight, if the symptoms persist or become unbearable, it is advisable to contact a healthcare provider. If you have PCOS, plan regular doctor visits and check for diabetes and heart diseases.
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Akanksha Nigam has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2021. With a Masters Degree in Finance, she began her Marketing career in the banking industry. However, her interest in human ...
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