The insides of the uterus have a soft tissue lining on the walls called the endometrium. Sometimes, a tissue like the tissue present inside grows on the outer side of the endometrium. This results in severe pain and discomfort, which might interrupt daily life. This painful disorder is referred to as endometriosis. This condition impacts women between 25 and 40 years but can also happen to teenagers. The areas most affected by endometriosis are ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis. These tissues would rarely be found in areas beyond the pelvic region.
Below are some other parts of the body where endometriosis may develop:
As the tissue is like the tissue inside the uterus, it acts like one. Since there is no way for this tissue to exit the body, it gets trapped inside. The tissue would thicken, break down, and bleed during each menstrual cycle.
If endometriosis affects the ovaries, it might result in cysts called endometriomas. Due to the cysts, the surrounding tissue becomes irritated and develops scars and adhesions. Because of these adhesions, pelvic region tissues and organs stick to each other.
All these complexities might result in severe pain during menstrual cycles and cause fertility problems.
Although the cause of endometriosis is unknown, theories indicate that genetics play a role. Genetic studies demonstrate a high occurrence of the disease in families and close relatives. It is advisable to consult a doctor in such cases to understand the probability of inheriting this disease in the future.
In the absence of an exact cause, some of the possible reasons are:
One thing to note is that majority of the symptoms appear during menstruation. The most common is pain in the pelvic area.
Other symptoms may include:
While the pain is persistent, it cannot be said that the severity of the abdominal pain is a reliable factor in understanding the extent of this condition. It could be mild endometriosis with severe abdominal and back pain or an advanced stage with relatively lesser pain.
If left untreated, the tissue can grow on the outer wall of the uterus and other body parts and cause severe pain in the long term. It can also cause problems with pregnancy.
While endometriosis cannot be prevented, there are a few things that might help in lowering the risk, such as –
Endometriosis could prove to be a difficult condition to manage, but a timely diagnosis and a proper understanding of the diagnosis could help manage the symptoms better. Taking care of the body, and its functions, keeping a check on any unusual experience, and reaching out to a healthcare provider at the right time can aid in improving daily life and managing endometriosis effectively.
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