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Causes and Types of Diabetes

Causes and Types of Diabetes
Taikhum Sadiq

Diabetes is a condition that directly affects the functioning of pancreas. The pancreas are located right behind the stomach and secrete insulin into blood. This insulin allows the body to absorb sugars and fats from the food we eat and thus helps converting it into energy. If a person is suffering from diabetes, the functioning of pancreas is permanently affected and the body produces lower amounts of insulin. The pancreas of a person with diabetes:

  • Doesn’t secrete enough insulin.
  • Doesn’t secrete insulin at all.
  • Does secrete insulin but it doesn’t work as it supposed to.

This ultimately leads to a restricted diet where any excessive sugar cannot be converted into energy and in turn causes complications inside the body.

A number of ailments are sometimes directly or indirectly caused by diabetes:

  • Heart disease,
  • Heart stroke,
  • Blindness,
  • Kidney disease,
  • Amputations and
  • Dental disease

Causes of Diabetes

Unlike other ailments, the reasons for diabetes are not yet completely known but the most common causes include:

  • Being Over-weight (obesity)
  • Age (More is the age, higher is the chance)
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Taking certain medicines
  • Physical inactivity
  • Abnormal glucose production by liver
  • Insulin resistance
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Beta cell dysfunction
  • History of gestational diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is caused due to the destruction of beta cells in pancreas that produces insulin. This destruction is caused by body’s own immune system (an auto-immune disease). Normally the function of immune system is to destroy any potentially harmful foreign substance including bacteria and viruses. But in auto-immune disease, body’s own cells start getting attacked by the immune system. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes usually develop in shorter period of time while beta cell destruction continues for several years. Type 1 diabetes can happen in any age but it typically develops in young adults and children.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is most common form of diabetes which is caused by multiple factors (mentioned above). It is developed when the pancreas can no longer produce the required insulin. Old aged and middle aged people are more susceptible to suffer from type 2 diabetes. The symptoms can be subtle and people may remain undiagnosed for years.

What Can You Do To Cure Diabetes?

Use a Glucose monitor to keep the track of blood sugar. Roche offers one of the best glucose monitors. For instance, Roche Accu-Chek Aviva Blood Glucose Meter is designed to quantitatively measure the concentration of blood glucose (sugar) using test strips. This monitor features automatic checks to detect and prevent unreliable results. It provides quick results just in five seconds and requires a small 0.6 microliter sample size.

Roche Accu-Chek Aviva Blood Glucose Meter
Roche Accu-Chek Aviva Blood Glucose Meter

Roche Accutrend Plus Meter is a flexible, hand-held point of care device for the main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This device provides convenient and rapid detection of cholesterol and glucose. It is tailored to be used outside the lab in the physician’s office and in the hospital as well as for self-measurement at home or during sports. Results are provided directly from capillary blood.

Roche Accutrend Plus Meter Kit Roche Accutrend Plus Meter Kit Roche Accutrend Plus Meter Kit
Roche Accutrend Plus Meter Kit


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HPFY Taikhum Sadiq

Taikhum Sadiq

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Taikhum Sadiq has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2016.

He is an archaeology student and is passionate about learning about the past and how it impacts our future. He believes ...

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