Crohn’s disease is a part of a group of serious diseases called Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Crohn’s causes inflammation/swelling in the digestive tract and leads to abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition.
There are five types of Crohn's disease categorized on the basis of the area affected:
This is the most common type of Crohn's and affects the end part of the small intestine and some portions of the large intestine. It persists for a long period, beginning gradually and worsening over time. The exact cause of Ileocolitis is unknown, but some of the identified factors include the following:
Affects the end part of the small intestine, called the ileum. Although most of the time it is associated with Crohn's disease, there are many other underlying causes of Ileitis, such as:
Ileitis treatment depends on the underlying cause. If it is caused by Crohn’s disease, the precautions one must take are similar to managing Crohn’s disease, and if the reason is something else, the healthcare provider will prescribe a different treatment.
More common among adolescents and rare that a person would suffer solely from Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease. Usually, this occurs when Crohn’s was in a different location of the gastrointestinal tract in the past.
This condition can only be treated with medication or surgery. Medication is the first choice of treatment depending on age, other medical conditions, location of the disease, and complications. Surgery is performed when the person does not respond to medication.
Jejunoileitis causes inflammation in the upper part of the small intestine. This type of Crohn’s is uncommon and affects children more than adults. It is a lifelong chronic condition. Symptoms of Jejunoileitis include:
Treatment options for Jejunoileitis include medication and surgery. Even after surgery, this condition could return in another part of the GI system. Lifestyle changes, like eating healthy, exercising, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep, are important ways to manage Crohn's disease.
Occurs only in the colon, also known as the large intestine, and causes inflammation in the colon lining. This is a lifelong chronic condition that presently does not have a cure. Symptoms of this condition are:
Treatment options include medication and surgery. Surgical removal of the damaged parts eliminates the symptoms, but it does not guarantee that the condition will not reoccur. Positive lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, less stress, and proper sleep will help to combat some of the symptoms.
There are possibilities of overlap between these conditions, affecting more than one area of the GI tract.
Generally, an ostomy procedure is conducted by removing the damaged part and making a temporary or permanent opening in the abdomen to eliminate body waste. This waste is collected in a pouch attached to the opening with a skin barrier. There are one-piece pouches, two-piece pouches, close-ended, and open-ended.
Designed to offer comfort and discretion to ostomates. The spiral adhesive provides security and protection. The EasiClose outlet makes it easy to drain.
It is worn under clothing like regular underwear. It is designed to pull wetness away from the skin, keeping it dry. The ConfidenceCuff Protection provides a superior grip to prevent leakages around the legs.
Ideal for patients that need bowel care. The Amsino enema set includes all the essential components required for performing a comfortable and safe procedure.
Living with Crohn's disease is difficult because of the pain and discomfort. But it is possible to live an active lifestyle with the help of your doctor's advice and some lifestyle changes. You may even join a support group where you will find people with similar experiences and learn more about managing this condition.
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Akanksha Nigam has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2021. With a Masters Degree in Finance, she began her Marketing career in the banking industry. However, her interest in human ...
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