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Managing Different Types of Crohn's Disease

Managing Different Types of Crohn's Disease
Akanksha Nigam

Crohn’s disease is a part of a group of serious diseases called Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Crohn’s causes inflammation/swelling in the digestive tract and leads to abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition.

There are five types of Crohn's disease categorized on the basis of the area affected:

  • Ileocolitis
  • Ileitis
  • Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease
  • Jejunoileitis
  • Crohn’s Colitis

Let us take a deeper look at each of these conditions individually

1. Ileocolitis

This is the most common type of Crohn's and affects the end part of the small intestine and some portions of the large intestine. It persists for a long period, beginning gradually and worsening over time. The exact cause of Ileocolitis is unknown, but some of the identified factors include the following:

  • Autoimmune reaction
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Diet
  • Certain medicines

Symptoms of Ileocolitis include

  • Noticeable weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Cramps or pain in the middle or right part of the abdomen

Some of the ways to manage this condition are

  • Medications that reduce inflammation
  • Diet changes like avoiding carbonated drinks, reducing high-fiber foods, drinking plenty of water, avoiding spicy foods, and eating smaller meals.
  • Bowel rest
  • Surgery

2. Ileitis

 Affects the end part of the small intestine, called the ileum. Although most of the time it is associated with Crohn's disease, there are many other underlying causes of Ileitis, such as:

  • Intestinal infections
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Lymphoma
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Symptoms of Ileitis include:

Ileitis treatment depends on the underlying cause. If it is caused by Crohn’s disease, the precautions one must take are similar to managing Crohn’s disease, and if the reason is something else, the healthcare provider will prescribe a different treatment.

3. Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease

More common among adolescents and rare that a person would suffer solely from Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease. Usually, this occurs when Crohn’s was in a different location of the gastrointestinal tract in the past.

Symptoms of Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease:

  • Abdominal pain after meals
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Blood in stools

This condition can only be treated with medication or surgery. Medication is the first choice of treatment depending on age, other medical conditions, location of the disease, and complications. Surgery is performed when the person does not respond to medication.

4. Jejunoileitis

Jejunoileitis causes inflammation in the upper part of the small intestine. This type of Crohn’s is uncommon and affects children more than adults. It is a lifelong chronic condition. Symptoms of Jejunoileitis include:

  • Cramps after eating
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue

Treatment options for Jejunoileitis include medication and surgery. Even after surgery, this condition could return in another part of the GI system. Lifestyle changes, like eating healthy, exercising, reducing stress, and getting enough sleep, are important ways to manage Crohn's disease.

5. Crohn’s (Granulomatous)Colitis:

Occurs only in the colon, also known as the large intestine, and causes inflammation in the colon lining. This is a lifelong chronic condition that presently does not have a cure. Symptoms of this condition are:

  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Skin lesions
  • Joints Pain
  • Ulcers, fistula, and abscesses around the anus
  • Fatigue

Treatment options include medication and surgery. Surgical removal of the damaged parts eliminates the symptoms, but it does not guarantee that the condition will not reoccur. Positive lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, less stress, and proper sleep will help to combat some of the symptoms.

There are possibilities of overlap between these conditions, affecting more than one area of the GI tract.

Generally, an ostomy procedure is conducted by removing the damaged part and making a temporary or permanent opening in the abdomen to eliminate body waste. This waste is collected in a pouch attached to the opening with a skin barrier. There are one-piece pouches, two-piece pouches, close-ended, and open-ended. 

HPFY hosts a wide range of ostomy pouches. Some of the top sellers are:

1. Coloplast Assura EasiClose Flat Extended Wear Cut-To-Fit Maxi Drainable Pouch

FSA Approved

Designed to offer comfort and discretion to ostomates. The spiral adhesive provides security and protection. The EasiClose outlet makes it easy to drain.

Features of Coloplast Assura EasiClose Flat Extended Wear Cut-To-Fit Maxi Drainable Pouch

  • Available with a flat skin barrier.
  • Made of odor-proof material.
  • Absorbs moisture from the skin.
  • Soft-backing fabric is gentle on the skin and dries quickly after a shower.
  • Suitable for Urostomy.
Coloplast Assura EasiClose One-Piece Flat Extended Wear Cut-to-Fit Maxi Drainable Pouch

 

 

2. Attends Advanced Underwear

FSA Approved

It is worn under clothing like regular underwear. It is designed to pull wetness away from the skin, keeping it dry. The ConfidenceCuff Protection provides a superior grip to prevent leakages around the legs.

Features of Attends Advanced Underwear:

Attends Advanced Underwear

 

 

3. Advantage Comfort Male Urinal System

FSA Approved

This urinal system is suitable for males suffering from urinary incontinence or wheelchair-bound. It helps to reduce the chances of infections and urine spills and prevents bladder memory loss.

Features of Advantage Comfort Male Urinal System:

  • The attached storage bag hangs from the bed frame
  • Reduces falls and spills
  • Lightweight and multi-usable
  • The mouth of the urinal is padded and non-absorbent
Advantage Comfort Male Urinal System

 

 

4. Amsino Cleansing Enema Bag Set

Ideal for patients that need bowel care. The Amsino enema set includes all the essential components required for performing a comfortable and safe procedure.

Features of Amsino Cleansing Enema Bag Set:

  • Pre-lubricated tip
  • Easy and comfortable insertion
  • Latex-free and non-sterile
  • One-way bag valve prevents solution spills
Amsino Cleansing Enema Bag Set

 

 

5. Dale Three Panel 9 Inches Wide Abdominal Binder

FSA Approved

Ideal to be used after an abdomen surgery. It encourages mobility and promotes muscle redevelopment. The EasyGrip strip holds four drainage bulbs in place on the outside of the abdominal binder.

Features of Dale Three Panel 9 Inches Wide Abdominal Binder

  • Evenly distributes compression
  • Encourages pulmonary function
  • Hook and loop closure makes it easy to wear and remove
  • Enables the patients to walk comfortably
Amsino Cleansing Enema Bag Set

 

 

Living with Crohn's disease is difficult because of the pain and discomfort. But it is possible to live an active lifestyle with the help of your doctor's advice and some lifestyle changes. You may even join a support group where you will find people with similar experiences and learn more about managing this condition.

 

Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics, and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our reviewed content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.

 


HPFY Akanksha Nigam

Akanksha Nigam

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Akanksha Nigam has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2021. With a Masters Degree in Finance, she began her Marketing career in the banking industry. However, her interest in human ...

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