Introduction | Symptoms | Causes | Complications | Prevention
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer found among men around the world. According to the American Cancer Society more than 100,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in the United States. Though prostate cancer might sound scary, it can be treated and managed if diagnosed and attended in time.
The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland situated beneath the urinary bladder and is responsible for the secretion of seminary fluids that protect and nourish the sperm. Seminary fluid is released into the vas deferens with the sperm from the testes and is released from the body in the form of ejaculation. There are multiple conditions that can affect the prostate gland and hamper its normal functioning, which include prostatitis, enlarged prostate, etc. But the most common condition associated with the prostate gland is cancer.
Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells within the prostate gland that begins growing slowly. Usually prostate cancer stays confined within the gland itself but can turn aggressive and spread to other parts of the body. Like every other form of cancer, prostate cancer can also metastasize to the rest of the body especially to the nearby organs such as bones, muscles, testes and kidneys. Once the cancer metastasizes in the aggressive form to other parts of the body, it can be managed and controlled but it cannot be cured.
Prostate cancer usually doesn’t show any major symptoms during its early stages but over time, several symptoms develop. They include:
Like other forms of cancer, prostate cancer also doesn’t have any direct cause that might cause abnormality in the cells of the prostate gland. The mutations in abnormal cells can be caused by a wide range of things such as genes, radiation, or can be a side effect of drugs or some other condition.
Cancer is not always associated to causes but to a wide range of risk factors as well. Risk factors of prostate cancer include:
Prostate cancer can lead to a number of complications which includes complications after treatment as well. They include:
There is no way we can ensure the complete prevention of prostate cancer. But there are a number of changes we can incorporate in our daily lives to reduce the chances of prostate cancer.
Although prostate cancer can be treated easily, a misjudgment in analyzing the condition can lead to several complications. It is always better to be proactive towards it and manage the condition at the right time. At HPFY, we ensure that you have the right information and products to manage and diagnose prostate cancer at the right time.
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Taikhum Sadiq has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2016.
He is an archaeology student and is passionate about learning about the past and how it impacts our future. He believes ...
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