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A Brief Guide to Prostate Cancer

A Brief Guide to Prostate Cancer

Introduction     |    Symptoms     |    Causes     |    Complications     |    Prevention

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer found among men around the world. According to the American Cancer Society more than 100,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in the United States. Though prostate cancer might sound scary, it can be treated and managed if diagnosed and attended in time.

Where is the Prostate Gland Located?

The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland situated beneath the urinary bladder and is responsible for the secretion of seminary fluids that protect and nourish the sperm. Seminary fluid is released into the vas deferens with the sperm from the testes and is released from the body in the form of ejaculation. There are multiple conditions that can affect the prostate gland and hamper its normal functioning, which include prostatitis, enlarged prostate, etc. But the most common condition associated with the prostate gland is cancer.

GUIDE TO PROSTATE CANCER

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells within the prostate gland that begins growing slowly. Usually prostate cancer stays confined within the gland itself but can turn aggressive and spread to other parts of the body. Like every other form of cancer, prostate cancer can also metastasize to the rest of the body especially to the nearby organs such as bones, muscles, testes and kidneys. Once the cancer metastasizes in the aggressive form to other parts of the body, it can be managed and controlled but it cannot be cured.

What are the Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer usually doesn’t show any major symptoms during its early stages but over time, several symptoms develop. They include:

What are the Causes of Prostate Cancer?

Like other forms of cancer, prostate cancer also doesn’t have any direct cause that might cause abnormality in the cells of the prostate gland. The mutations in abnormal cells can be caused by a wide range of things such as genes, radiation, or can be a side effect of drugs or some other condition.

What are the Risk Factors Associated With Prostate Cancer?

Cancer is not always associated to causes but to a wide range of risk factors as well. Risk factors of prostate cancer include:

  • Age – The chances of prostate cancer increase with the increase in age. Older men, especially those above the age of 65 are prone to prostate cancer.
  • Family History – Cancer is also dependent on genes running in the family. A history of cancer in the family can be a big risk factor for a person and can often lead to the development of prostate cancer.
  • Race – People with African descent are often more prone to getting prostate cancer, though the reason for this has not been determined yet. The cancer is usually prone to being more aggressive or advanced.
  • Obesity – Obese men are at great risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer and it can also become more difficult to treat when a person suffers from morbid obesity.

What are the Complications Associated With Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer can lead to a number of complications which includes complications after treatment as well. They include:

  • Metastasizing – Metastasize or the spread of cancer is one of the major complications of any form of cancer. Prostate cancer can spread to nearby organs and cause additional complications in the different functions of the body. Cancer of the prostate can spread to the bladder, the bloodstream, the lymphatic system, or the bones. Once it spreads, prostate cancer can be controlled but it cannot be treated.
  • Erectile Dysfunction – Erectile dysfunction is rarely caused by prostate cancer but is often the result of the treatment of prostate cancer. Surgery, radiation, or hormone treatments used to treat prostate cancer can all be responsible for erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction can then be managed using medications or vacuum pumps.
 
  • Incontinence – Incontinence is a condition that can be caused by prostate cancer as well as its treatment. Depending on body type and other health factors, the severity of incontinence might depend from person to person. A wide range of incontinence supplies can be used to manage incontinence.
 

How to Prevent Prostate Cancer?

There is no way we can ensure the complete prevention of prostate cancer. But there are a number of changes we can incorporate in our daily lives to reduce the chances of prostate cancer.

  • Healthy Diet – Foods rich in vitamins and minerals help in enhancing the overall health of the body. These nutritious cancer-preventing foods can help boost immunity to help reduce the chances of abnormal cells getting mutated.
  • Exercise – Exercise is also a proven way to improve overall body health. Exercise can help manage a person’s weight so that obesity does not increase the risk of prostate cancer among men. Exercise and maintaining fitness also increases PSA levels in the body thus lowering the risk of prostate cancer.
 
  • Talk to your Doctor – Men with a higher risk of prostate cancer depending on their age, family history, and other conditions, should always speak with their doctors to analyze the chances of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. A proactive approach towards prostate cancer can reduce the chances of aggressive or advanced forms of cancer thus increasing the chances of treating it.

Although prostate cancer can be treated easily, a misjudgment in analyzing the condition can lead to several complications. It is always better to be proactive towards it and manage the condition at the right time. At HPFY, we ensure that you have the right information and products to manage and diagnose prostate cancer at the right time.

 

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