When we hear someone say they have a heart problem, we rarely think there could be different types of heart diseases each with its own symptoms.
Let’s take a closer look:
Coronary artery disease is a heart condition where the coronary arteries are blocked because of plaque build-up. The coronary arteries pump oxygen-rich blood to the heart. Any type of blockage along the route reduces oxygen in the blood. This build-up of plaque has the potential to form a blood clot, and eventually, the blood supply to the heart is completely stopped. This leads to what is known as a heart attack.
Coronary artery disease symptoms are neither specific nor noticeable. You might have CAD but do not notice any symptoms unless a heart attack occurs. For this reason, CAD is sometimes also called the silent killer. CAD has other names also – coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic heart disease.
In some cases, the first symptom of CAD is a heart attack.
Heart arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat. Although irregular heartbeat may be harmless, sometimes it may prove fatal. Problems with the rhythm of the heart occur when the electrical signals that cause the heart to beat do not work properly. This uneven signaling makes the heart beat more rapidly or slowly than usual. For instance, the heart may beat fast after an intense workout or a sports activity and beat slow during rest or sleep. It may feel like the heart is racing.
Also sometimes known as congestive heart failure, it is a condition in which the heart does not pump blood as it should. Heart problems like coronary artery disease or high blood pressure make the heart too weak or tired which alters the rate of blood flow. Proper treatment can improve heart conditions, however severe symptoms could be life-threatening.
There are four valves within the heart which are responsible for the flow of blood in the correct direction. In heart valve disease, one or more of the valves stop functioning properly, or there could be a leaky valve in the heart. This disrupts the flow of blood from the heart. Some people who suffer from heart valve disease may not experience any of its symptoms which include:
Our heart is surrounded by a sac of fluid called the pericardium. If the pericardium gets infected or injured, it could lead to fluid build-up around the heart. This puts pressure on it and affects the way the heart functions. If left untreated, it could prove to be fatal.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease which affects the heart muscle making it difficult to pump blood, and leads to heart failure. The main types of cardiomyopathies are dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and restrictive cardiomyopathy and can be a genetic issue, a reaction to a particular drug or an infection. Although symptoms do not appear in early stages, some symptoms include:
Any symptoms that directly affect heart health should never be taken lightly. For those who suffer from any heart condition, may sure to visit your healthcare provider regularly and reportany discomfort or symptoms that you are experiencing even after taking proper medications. Also, never engage in any activity which could result in shortness of breath, dizziness, or cause chest pain. Even if you do not have a heart condition, it is always wise to report any unusual discomfort or pain in your chest, shoulder, or arms to your doctor. Of course, always make sure to follow a healthy diet and get regular exercise to keep yourself, and your heart, healthy and happy!
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Akanksha Nigam has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2021. With a Masters Degree in Finance, she began her Marketing career in the banking industry. However, her interest in human ...
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