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Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion

Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion
Taikhum Sadiq

When excessive fluid is accumulated in the body’s pleural cavity (around the lungs) it is called “pleural effusion”. Pleural effusion causes discomfort and hampers breathing. This is where the whole concept of chest drainage comes in.

What is a Chest Drainage System?

In medical terms a thoracostomy process was first developed in the late 1970s when the first chest drainage system was designed. Since then, advancements in technology have helped create efficient and powerful drainage systems that can easily drain out pleural fluids and restore normal breathing. Chest Drainage System is a basic pleural drainage system which works by forcing fluids out of the chest through a suction system with a tube inserted into the chest incision. The fluids are then accumulated inside a collection chamber and disposed of later. It is a bit more complicated than it may sound and the parameters of the device should be set perfectly to avoid complications.

Parts of a Chest Drainage System

There are three major parts of a Traditional Chest Drainage System:

  • Collection Chamber: Placed on the right hand side of the device, it is responsible for the collection of the fluids and air. The tube is directly connected to this chamber and all the fluids exiting the chest enter this compartment.
  • Water Seal Chamber: Placed in the middle of the device, this part allows air to exit from the pleural cavity but stops it from re-entering through the cavity during inhalation. It should always be calibrated perfectly to avoid air leaks and is responsible for keeping the air pressure in the lungs at an optimum level.
  • Wet Suction Control: Placed on the left, this chamber is responsible for the suction of fluids from the chest into the collection chamber. It works by regulated water levels which apply a simple scientific principle to pull the liquids out of the chest.

Types of Chest Drainage Systems

There are three types of chest drainage systems:

  1. Traditional Chest Drainage System: It is the most basic form of the device with three compartments - collection chamber, water seal chamber and wet control suction. They function in tandem to drain the pleural liquids from the chest.
  2. Dry Suction Drainage Systems: The wet suction system is replaced with the more efficient and less confusing dry suction system. It gives higher amounts of drainage and is easy to set up as compared to the wet one. They operate by regulating air pressure throughout the device.
  3. One-way Valve Drainage Systems: The one-way valve replaces the water tight seal in the traditional system. It is directly attached to the thoracic catheter and can be operated in any position unlike the water tight seal. It protects the thoracic cavity and the lungs from atmospheric air.

Which Chest Drainage System Should One Choose?

Choosing the right chest drainage system ensures that the patient is being administered the right and healthy therapy that expedites the healing process. Perfect draining capabilitise, easy and simple usage, and cost effectiveness are the three major factors that help you choose the right chest drainage system.

ASEPT Pleural 1000mL Drainage System

This kit gives the patient a convenient and compassionate way to perform drainage at home or in any outpatient setting. ASEPT Pleural 1000ml Drainage System has an evacuated drainage bottle which is non-powered and consists of a manually operated plastic disposable evacuation system. The aim is to provide a vacuum for suction drainage of surgical wounds.

Benefits of the ASEPT Pleural 1000mL Drainage System

  • Includes an emergency clamp
  • Ensures smooth drainage
  • Prevents leakages of any sort
  • Hygenic and safe to use
Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion
ASEPT Pleural 1000mL Drainage System

Denver Pleurx Drainage Kit

The perfect system for draining the fluid build-up in the comfort of your home, Denver Pleurx Drainage Kit indwelling catheter and vacuum bottles allow the patients to drain fluid quickly, effectively and safely. The access tip present on the drainage line opens the safety valve on the pleural catheter.

Benefits of the Denver Pleurx Drainage Kit

  • Easy and convenient
  • Clincally proven self-drainage system
  • Low infection rates
  • Protective dressings
  • Controls the drain frequency
Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion
Denver Pleurx Drainage Kit

Accessories for Chest Drainage Systems

Bard Aspira Pleural 1000mL Lightweight Drainage Bag

Using the Aspira drainage catheter, its Bag drains accumulated fluid in the pleural (chest) or peritoneal (abdomen) cavity. Bard Aspira Pleural 1000ml Drainage Bag relieves symptoms of pleural effusions or malignant ascites. The implant catheter is attached to the drainage bag and activated using an in-line siphon pump. It is lightweight and compact.

Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion
Bard Aspira Pleural 1000mL Lightweight Drainage Bag

Denver Pleurx Vacuum Bottle With Drainage Line

A combination of the PleurX catheter system enables you to manage the fluid drainage at the comfort of your home. It is easy to use and has effective drainage control. It saves a lot of time and energy. It is designed with the active vacuum technology that drains quickly without the need of gravity. The included roller clamps provides easy control of drainage flow for optimal comfort.

Role of Chest Drainage System in Chest Tube Insertion
Denver Pleurx Vacuum Bottle With Drainage Line

Since the innovation of the chest drainage system in the 70s millions of people have benefitted from it’s use. Technology and a basic scientific principle has helped us access and drain one of the most delicate parts of the body with ease and restore it’s normal functions.


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HPFY Taikhum Sadiq

Taikhum Sadiq

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Taikhum Sadiq has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2016.

He is an archaeology student and is passionate about learning about the past and how it impacts our future. He believes ...

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