Aging is a universal phenomenon that affects all living things alike. In humans, with aging, people tend to develop a wide range of health issues as the body begins deteriorating over time. It's essential to identify the obstacles that people experience as they age and to understand the preventive actions once can take to put themselves on a road to healthy aging.
There are common health problems that affect the elderly depending on the various risk factors that might be prevalent. Here are a few of the major old age problems and solutions.
Although death rates have decreased in the last 20 years, cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of mortality among elderly people. The hardening of blood capillaries and arteries is the most frequent shift in the cardiovascular system, requiring your heart to work harder to pump blood through them. As a result of the increasing workload, the heart muscles shift. In old age, the heart rate will stay roughly the same at rest, but it will not increase as much during activities as it used to. Due to this, blood pressure rises, leading to hypertension, stroke, heart failure, and many other cardiovascular problems.
Bones decline in size and density as they age, weakening them and making them more prone to fracture. Muscles lose strength, endurance, and flexibility over time, which can compromise your coordination, balance, and stability. As the age increases, the severe hip, back, ankle, knee pain rate increases. Arthritis and Osteoporosis are the two most common chronic problems found in old age people. In Osteoporosis the bones become weak and fragile that can easily break while doing everyday things. Arthritis develops when the fluid and cartilage in a joint deteriorates, causing bones to rub against one another and cause discomfort.
When some organs, such as your liver or pancreas, become sick or stop working properly, you might have a metabolic illness. One of the most common metabolic disorder diseases is Diabetes. In the United States, over 34 million people have Diabetes, and one of every five of them is even unaware of it. Diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose, commonly known as low blood sugar, is abnormally elevated. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, aids glucose absorption into cells for use as energy. The body either does not generate enough insulin or none at all. Glucose stays in the body for a long time after that. Diabetes is also associated with peripheral arterial disease and peripheral neuropathy, contributing to diabetic foot ulcers and amputations.
The majority of metabolic syndrome-related illnesses have no prominent indications or symptoms. A high waist circumference is one apparent sign. If the blood sugar is too high, one may have diabetes symptoms, including increased thirst, urination, exhaustion, and impaired vision.
As you become older, your bladder may become less elastic, requiring you to pee more frequently. The bladder and pelvic floor muscles may weaken, making it harder to empty your bladder or causing you to lose bladder control. An enlarged or inflamed prostate in men can also make it difficult to empty the bladder and cause incontinence. It is something where the slight loss of urine is done while sneezing, laughing, etc. Approximately 13 million Americans are incontinent, and 85 percent of them are women. Obesity, diabetes-related nerve damage, certain medicines, and caffeine or alcohol usage are all variables that lead to incontinence.
As you get older, your brain experiences change that may have a slight impact on your memory and cognitive abilities. Older people, for example, may forget familiar names or words, or multitasking may be more difficult for them. Little Memory loss is normal as you age, but forgetting things with time may lead to serious disorders. One of them is Alzheimer’s disease.
One may find it harder to focus on items that are near up as you become older. You may become more sensitive to glare and have difficulty adjusting to varying light levels. Aging can also impair your eye's lens, resulting in hazy vision like cataracts. It's also possible that your hearing will deteriorate. In a busy setting, one could have trouble hearing high frequencies or following a discussion.
According to US Census research, 73% of Americans over 85 seem to have some difficulty walking. Social isolation, falls, and despair is all linked to mobility disabilities—one-third of adults with disabilities over the age of 85 live alone. Mobility problems in the elderly happen due to common old age problems like Diabetes, Arthritis, etc.
There are many treatments available for these health problems, so there is no need to hesitate to consult the doctor for help if one is having any of these symptoms. At HPFY, you can choose from our wide range of best health supplies for the elderly at amazing prices and discounts.
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