Articles and News

Compression Therapy and Garments

Razia Sanwari

What is compression therapy

Compression therapy is a treatment based on the principle of applying pressure on an effected limb with the help of an elastic garment. This is a simple and effective way of improving blood flow through the limbs and useful in treating conditions like tired and achy legs, swelling in the limbs, chronic venous insufficiency, phlebitis, varicose veins, healed or active venous ulcers and lymphedema.

Compression therapy is also useful during long distance travel to avoid blood clotting complications.

How does compression therapy work

Compression therapy uses gradient compression principle by which the pressure is strongest at the ankle and reduces going up the leg. For the arm, the greatest pressure is applied at the wrist and decreases as you go up.

Compression therapy is provided when you wear specialized compressionsocks or compression stockings. These are special garments designed to apply pressure on the limb with graduated compression thereby pressing the extended vein walls together and getting the valves to close.

When you wear a compression stocking, for example, pressure is applied subcutaneously, that is on the tissue under the skin. This pushes the excess fluid, which is the cause of the swelling, back into the capillaries bringing down the puffiness. Thus, a compression garment helps reduce venous pressure, prevent venous stasis and impair of venous walls.

Due to compression, the superficial veins in the leg are also not able to expand and overfill with blood thus preventing the backward flow of blood which would otherwise lead to congestion and thereby, swelling.

Thus, compression wear has gradient pressure to counter the effects of high venous pressures. And contrary to what some people may think, compression garments help with blood circulation and do not restrict or cut it off.

Compression therapy benefits

Compression therapy benefits are several. A primary health benefit of compression therapy is providing effective compression for edema control. It helps overcome swelling in the legs thus providing relief from tired, achy feet. These garments also offer compression wound care with compression dressings for wound healing.

Types of graduated compression stockings

There are varying types of graduated compression stockings available in different pressures and length. Your doctor will advise you about which compression stocking you should buy…. whether you need light compression or a strong compression garment. You also may need to check with your physician whether your condition requires compression socks, compression stockings, compression pantyhose, compression gloves, gauntlets or armsleeves and if you should opt for knee length ones, thigh high or pantyhose style.

When not to wear compression socks

Before wearing a compression garment, it is imperative you consult your doctor. Not everyone can wear it because there are restrictions depending on certain medical conditions. If you have arterial circulation problems, you need your doctor’s advice before wearing one. Those with ischemia of the legs, untreated septic phlebitis, advanced peripheral neuropathy and uncontrolled congestive heart failure are medically not advised to wear a compression garment of any strength.

Again, caution is advised to those with skin infections, oozing dermatosis, allergy to the garment fabric, impaired sensitivity of the limb or immobility.

When to wear compression stockings

The right time to put on a compression garment is as soon as you wake up, that is first thing in the morning because that is when the swelling is down.

Also, your doctor is your best guide about how long you should wear the stockings. This decision will depend on the reason for wearing it. Those with venous related leg swellings and varicose veins usually wear them all day and take them off only when going to bed.

 

Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.

 


HPFY Razia Sanwari

Razia Sanwari

Razia Sanwari is a journalist by profession with more than 20 years of experience in the print media. With Masters in English Language and Literature, Razia began her career as a junior sub-editor in a Kolkata English language daily and ...

Read More

Trending aritcle

What Everyone Should Know About Resistance Band Colors

Kevin Cleary

Resistance exercise bands come in a number of colors and it’s not just for decoration. Many people use these bands however, they do not have the knowledge of the colors and the purpose with which they are designed.

5 Facts about Syringes You Wish You Knew Before

Kevin Cleary

A syringe is a pump consisting of a snugly fit piston(or plunger) within a calibrated glass or plastic cylinder called a barrel.The syringe is equipped with a hypodermic needle, nozzle, or tubing that helps direct the flow of medication.

TOP 5 BEST REVIEWED NEBULIZERS OF 2022

Kevin Cleary

Breathing disorders, such as COPD or asthma, can be a major detriment when it comes to quality-of-life issues.Treating these breathing ailments with medications is the main course of treatment.Being able to deliver aerosol medication directly into the lungs in an expedited fashion is the best way to manage these lung disorders. The use of a nebulizer for aerosol medications allows for the efficient and easy delivery of these medications.

MINERAL OIL VS SALINE ENEMA: WHICH ONE TO CHOOSE?

Kevin Cleary

An enema is used for many reasons.Just as there are many reasons, there are different types of enemas, each of which contains different ingredients and works differently in the body. While some may choose an enema to soften stool or for routine colon cleansing, the reason for using an enema may have more of a medical necessity.

FIVE BEST CERVICAL TRACTION DEVICES OF 2022

Taikhum Sadiq

Cervical traction is a technique applied to the cervical region of the body to help alleviate neck pain, discomfort, and other physical conditions related to the cervical region.Cervical traction works by stressing the neck, pulling, and pushing, thus reducing the pressure on the spine, the neck, and the upper torso.Excessive stress on the neck, spine, and upper region, due to a wide range of conditions or injuries can cause severe pain and can lead to other complications.Cervical traction devices help alleviates these conditions thus offering overall body rehabilitation and treatment options.