A toughened part of skin which becomes relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation is called a callus or callosity. Frequent or forceful itching and rubbing can cause blisters. Calluses are often found on feet because of frequent walking. Calluses are generally not harmful, but may sometimes lead to other problems, such as skin ulceration or infection. Calluses are actually a defense mechanism of the body to protect the foot from friction and pressure.
The hardening of the skin and the formation of flaky skin is the first sign of a callus. It is usually located the foot region as they take the most amount of friction and pressure. The skin becomes dry and itching is very common.
Calluses are common among athletes, musicians, and people who use one part of their body excessively. Guitarists and drummers get calluses on their fingers and their palms. Athletes usually get calluses on their feet. Sometimes physical contact is not necessary, and hormonal changes or sunlight can also be a reason for calluses.
In general cases, preventing excessive friction can reduce calluses and soften the skin. Change in shoes and accessories may also help. Unless a person is suffering from diabetes or other problems, basic shoe pads and creams can help remove calluses.
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