Flat foot is a deformity of the foot which is also called pes planus or fallen arch. It is a postural deformity in which the arches of the foot collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. In children who have flat foot at birth, the body usually heals itself within 3 years, but if not, the problem persists till it is treated suing modern techniques and treatments. The arch of the foot is important to the biomechanics of the feet and the collapse of the arch results in imbalance in walking or standing.
As stated earlier, the curve of the foot is related to the biomechanics of the foot. The curve connects the forefoot and the hind foot in an elastic way and helps supporting the force incurred by the foot. It dissipates the weight without increasing pressure on the thigh and the calf muscles and bones. If the arch doesn’t exist, the force falls directly on the thighs and the calves causing injuries and further deformities of the legs and feet.
The gradual lowering of the arch of the foot is one of the first signs of flat foot. Over a period of time, the arch will completely collapse making the entire bottom of the foot to stick to the ground. As the arch begins lowering, pain starts developing in the feet, ankles, lower legs, knees, hips, and lower back. The muscles of all these limbs are connected to each other and the pressure of the upper body strains the muscles. Overpronation or the feet rolling inwards to a great extent causes extreme pain while walking or running and also requires a person to change shoes regularly. Major sign you should keep a check on are:
There are three major types of flat foot based on the anatomy of the condition.
One of the main ways a person acquires flat foot is through their parents. It can be termed a hereditary problem in a way. There are also chances that the feet bones did not get enough time to develop in the womb and hence the child is born with persistent flat feet. Nearly all children are born with flat foot since the muscles and tendons haven’t developed yet. But gradually the muscles develop and raise the arch to its original position. Other major reasons that cause flat foot are:
Wearing proper shoes is a must, as size inappropriate shoes can damage muscles in the feet and result in flat foot. If there are any muscle related problems in the feet, one should immediately consult the doctor so that further complications do not lead to flat foot. There is no way to prevent the condition if it is hereditary.
Flat Foot is a very common and treatable problem which usually isn’t painful. But the complications it ensues can cause a lot of pain, discomfort, and can many a time severe damage to the legs or feet. The right kind of treatment can help cure the deformity and restore normal feet function
Disclaimer: All content found on our website, including images, videos, infographics and text were created solely for informational purposes. Our content should never be used for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of any medical conditions. Content shared on our websites is not meant to be used as a substitute for advice from a certified medical professional. Reliance on the information provided on our website as a basis for patient treatment is solely at your own risk. We urge all our customers to always consult a physician or a certified medical professional before trying or using a new medical product.
Taikhum Sadiq has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2016.
He is an archaeology student and is passionate about learning about the past and how it impacts our future. He believes ...
When traditional oral intake is not feasible, enteral feeding comes into play. It supports nutritional needs of individuals recovering from an injury or surgery. Dive into this informative article and learn what, when, why, and how of enteral feeding and ensure optimal patient care.
Looking for a non-invasive option to manage carpal tunnel symptoms? Experience relief from constant tingling and pain with this Carpal Solution Wrist Support. Read this article to know about the unique features and benefits of this wrist support brace designed to deal with CTS and find why it is one of the most reliable wrist braces available on the market.
Need an effective and affordable nebulizer? Look no further, in this article we offer 5 of our best reviewed nebulizers that are loved by our customers. Click to read more and find the perfect nebulizer for all your respiratory needs.
Worried about nighttime leaks? Say goodbye to leakage with our ten best overnight adult diapers and wake up refreshed and dry.
Neck pain can wreak havoc on your otherwise healthy life. Traction device improves your cervical health and overall well-being. Read more to find our best cervical traction devices designed to curb the stiffness and discomfort of cervical muscles.