Pulmonary rehabilitation is an intervention and training program designed to exercise, train, and improve the physical and psychological condition of individuals with chronic respiratory disease and promote the long-term respiratory health of these individuals. In the past year, COVID-19 has wrought havoc around the world and the first thing that gets affected because of COVID is the respiratory health of an individual. Even after you have been cured from the disease, the effects of COVID stay within the lungs causing different respiratory ailments and discomfort. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a tailored program that helps battle the effects of COVID-19 and other chronic respiratory conditions and help you restore your daily life to a normal and healthy state.
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs are specially designed training programs for people who have or are suffering from a chronic respiratory condition. The design of the program varies from person to person and condition to condition. On a brief level, pulmo rehab programs involve:
The time period for a pulmonary rehabilitation program can be from anywhere between 6-8 weeks to a year. Depending on the severity of the condition or its after effects, the length of the program is decided by a respiratory therapist. Sometimes, for recurring conditions, a PR schedule might be conducted in phases with varying intensity.
Physiotherapy and change in environment plays an important role in the successful implementation of a pulmonary rehabilitation program. There are three parts of physical intervention involved in pulmo rehab.
Functional training involves the implementations of a few things that can ease the stress on an individual who is undergoing PR. They include:
Altering performance tasks involves reducing the intensity of the daily tasks that you undertake while going through a pulmo rehab program.
There are different methods you can implore to relieve the symptoms. Here are a few things you can do:
Exercise is the second important pillar of a successful pulmonary rehabilitation program. The exercises that you would usually do in a PR program would be prescribed to you by a respiratory therapist and a physiotherapist. Exercises generally include:
Stretching involves pulling and contracting the muscles of the body which helps in reducing the chances of injury and muscle strain. It also helps in strengthening the muscles which are usually weakened due to a chronic respiratory disorder. The lung muscles are the ones most affected by a condition like COVID and stretching exercise can help regain the lost strength of these muscles.
Since breathing is the thing most affected by COVID and other chronic disorders, cardiovascular exercises can help improve the body’s ability to use as well as store oxygen. These exercises help strengthen the heart and the lungs thus increasing the breathing capacity of an individual and decrease the chances of breathlessness. Improved blood circulation to the muscles can help enhance their growth thus reducing chest pain and fatigue. Cardiovascular exercises include:
The last step of exercise training or exercise intervention for pulmo rehab is strength training which involves using heavy weights to strengthen the muscles of the body. Strength training can be divided for different muscle groups and parts of the body, but with pulmo rehab, strength training is most applicable to the upper body. This helps strengthen the chest muscles which increases an individual’s breathing capacity and strengthens the lungs to reduce the effects of further conditions.
The Breather Respiratory Muscle Training Device is an inspiratory/expiratory respiratory muscle training device. It strengthens and activates muscles for breathing, speech, and swallow. The Breather helps improve breathlessness, speech coordination, breathing, and speech quality. It will also improve the safety of swallowing, enhance the clearance of airways and reduce the risk of aspiration.
The Breather RMT device combines inspiratory and expiratory muscle training, with demonstrated efficacy in improving speech and swallowing in patients with neuromuscular disease such as Parkinsons. Furthermore, RMT in athletes and healthy individuals using The Breather led to improved respiratory functions, heart rate, and peripheral muscle strength and exercise performance.
Rolyan Ergonomic Hand Exerciser features lightweight plastic frame with or without a padded handle that fits comfortably in the palm of the hand. It is offered in a single size that is designed to fit many hand sizes. The frame can be customized to block flexion and extension movements to work the muscles.
EMST150 Expiratory Muscle Strength Trainer is a medical device designed to strengthen the expiratory muscles involved with breathing, coughing, swallowing, and speech. It is the first calibrated expiratory muscle trainer that is scientifically proven to help individuals who want to enhance their breathing. The EMST 150 is also useful for people with spinal cord injuries, parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, or other degenerative neuromuscular disorders. The device can be used by peoples of all ages and athletes, musician can also take advantage of this device.
Norco Shoulder Pulley is ideal for home use, to independently improve range of shoulder movement and coordination following a shoulder injury or surgery. It can be used for exercises while sitting, standing, or lying down. It is designed to set up in minutes by positioning the web strap over the top along the hinged side of any standard door.
Drive Folding Exercise Peddler with Electronic Display provides five function display which indicates exercise time, revolution count, revolutions per minute (rpms) and calories burned. Its four anti-slip rubber pads prevent sliding and protect surfaces. It is ideal for leg and arm muscle exercising.
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Taikhum Sadiq has been a Health Products For You contributor since 2016.
He is an archaeology student and is passionate about learning about the past and how it impacts our future. He believes ...
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