When the big toe pushes unevenly against the other toes, it nudges outward and creates a bony bump on the side of the foot. This is known as a bunion. Many a times it is accompanied by the swelling of the bursal sac that lies between the joints. Sometimes bunions are erroneously described as enlarges tissues but are actually a deformity of the bone.The joint of the little toe is also vulnerable and smaller bunions known as bunionettes can develop at these joints. However, the conditions are the same as the large bunions.
The very first signs of a bunion is the thickening of the big toe and a slowly one can notice a bony bump or deformity around it.
The toes become crooked and the person begins experiencing slight pain and discomfort while walking or wearing shoes.
Blisters, corns, and calluses can form between the first and the second toe when they overlap each other.
Slowly the area begins to swell and the skin turns red. This increases the pain and the difficulty to walk or stand comfortably.
Arthritis of the big toe is also one of the major symptoms that one has a bunion.
Doctors have proposed many theories for the causes of bunions but the exact cause is still unknown to medical science. However there are some causes or factors that are known to lead to bunions.
Heredity - Bunions are one of those problems that can be passed from generation to generation. It is not necessary that the very next generation is affected by it, but bunions are a disorder that can run in the family.
Accidents or Injuries - Sometimes, an accident or an injury can cause the big toe to overlap the second toe, which in turn pushed the bone to the outward side, thus giving rise to a bunion.
Arthritis - Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the leading causes of bunions as the inflammatory nature of the arthritis causes the bones to change their alignment and thus project the bone in the outward position.
Improper Footwear - Wearing the shoes of the wrong size, especially the smaller size, can restrict the movement of the tendons and bones in the feet thus causing the foot to get misaligned.
Wearing improper footwear is the first directly induced cause for bunions and hence one should always take care that they wear the right size of footwear and see to it that the footwear doesn’t restrict the movement of the toes or the feet
Women are one of the most vulnerable to bunions as the bones get weaker as they age. The high possibility of osteoporosis after menopause increase the chances of the bones in the feet getting deformed
One should always know their family medical history. If a family member already suffers from bunions, then one should take special care as they are more vulnerable to it
Lethargy and zero athletic activity can also cause bunions and so keeping the feet active and exercising your toes is very important to avoid bunions
Women who have bunions running in the family, should take care and avoid wearing high heeled shoes, as they constrict the movement of the toes, increasing the chances of bunions
Once a person has been diagnosed with bunions, they should immediately begin the process of treating the disorder. Immediate medical assistance is a must
Even a small bunion can over a period of time become a nuisance and hence must be taken care of at an earlier stage. One shouldn’t allow the bunion to grow before taking medical help
There are two major ways of treating a bunion, but they depend on the severity of the bunion. If the bunion is in its full form or last stage then a surgery is required to realign the structure of the foot. But if the bunion has been diagnosed at an early stage, then basic home treatments can be sufficient to realign the bone and correct the structure.
For home treatments, there are a number of products in the medical market that help in correcting the shape, relieving pain, improving joint function, and reducing the chances of recurrence.
More than 50% women in America suffer from bunions. If left untreated, bunions can progress over time, eventually requiring surgery to alleviate the pain and return the patient back to a normal active life. Choosing the right treatment and rehab options is also a must to avoid further complications such as bursitis or arthritis.
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