Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are also commonly known as bedsores or decubitus ulcers. They result from prolonged pressure on the skin causing injuries to the skin and underlying tissues. Pressure sores mostly develop in bony areas like the ankles, heels, tailbone and hips. Moreover bedridden individuals are more prone to pressure ulcers due to their inability to move. Bed sores develop if proper care is not taken to prevent them. Pressure sores can be categorized according to their depth and severity and the amount of damage caused ranging from redness and unbroken skin to deep tissue injuries sometimes reaching up to the bones. Buy products for prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers from well-known manufacturers like Posey, Convatec, Smith and Nephew and many more at best prices on HPFY.

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Symptoms of Bed Sores include

  • People with high body weight and obesity are more prone to pressure sores  

  • Changes in skin color or texture in the areas under pressure  

  • Swelling Drainage of Pus-like fluid Some areas feel cooler or hotter than other areas 

  • Skin Tenderness 

  • Wheelchair confined individuals experience pressure ulcers on tailbone, hips, shoulder blades, spine, and on the backs of arms, legs or areas that rest against the wheelchair  

  • People who are bedridden experience pressure sores on back of the head, shoulder blades, ankles, tailbone, heels and behind the knees

Causes of Bed Sores

The constant pressure on the skin due to the body weight limits the flow of blood to the skin obstructing the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the skin tissue making it vulnerable to damage and hence contributes to the development of pressure ulcers. For bedridden individuals pressure is more in bony areas where less muscle or fat is present. Friction also plays a role in development of bed sores. When the fragile skin rubs against clothing or bedding it can break down especially in presence of moisture.  Shear occurs when two surfaces rub in opposite direction. In case of elevated beds the patient slides down rubbing the tailbone against the bed that creates shear. This results in pressure ulcers.

Treatment of Bed Sores

Pressure ulcer treatment includes wound dressing, pain relief, preventing infection and maintaining proper nutrition. Pressure reduction is the most important aspect of treatment. Caregivers must not forget to reposition the patient from time to time and check for any redness in the skin or for differences in skin temperature. Use a pressure reduction or alternating pressure mattress like the Drive Med-Aire Plus Bariatric Alternating Pressure Pump and Mattress Replacement System instead of a regular one to reduce pressure. For wheelchair confined individuals try using the Carex Inflatable Rubber Invalid Cushion to reduce pressure on hips and tailbone. The wound must be dressed regularly.The Enluxtra Humifiber Self-Adaptive Wound Dressing can be used as a primary or secondary dressing for pressure sores.