Quadriplegia

Quadriplegia is a term used to indicate loss of function in all four limbs. It is also sometimes referred to as tetraplegia. The reasons behind most cases of quadriplegia are spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy or a stroke. In case of spinal cord injuries the amount of damage depends upon the part of the spinal cord that is injured and the level of injury. A person with quadriplegia may not be able to move any part below the neck or sometimes even the neck. In some cases people with spinal cord injury can move their arms but they cannot control them. In that case spinal cord injury adaptive equipment are used. HPFY brings to you a range of products to ease routine tasks from quality manufacturers like Coloplast, Bard, Essential Medical and many more at best prices.

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How to care for a Quadriplegic Patient?

Proper care with the use of proper adaptive equipment for quadriplegics can prevent any further injury and promote the best possible patient outcome. Focus your care on:

  • Loss of Bladder and Bowel Control: Injuries to the brain and spine can be devastating because it impairs the sensation and movement in the whole body. The bladder and bowel movements are controlled by the spinal cord. After an injury the patient might get urinary or fecal incontinence or constipation. If left untreated it may lead to urinary tract infections which may prove to be fatal sometimes. To control incontinence issues catheters like Coloplast Self-Cath Closed System Intermittent Catheter and many more can be used along with Reusable Underpads.  

  • Pressure Sores: In people with immobility issues pressure sores can be a problem as they cannot shift their body weight on their own. If left untreated these can get infected leading to serious complications. Special mattresses or cushions can help prevent pressure sores. Also bandages and dressings are available for the same. 

  • Blood Clots: Blood circulation might be impaired in people who are immobile. This can cause blockage in veins or arteries which can prove to be fatal conditions. The doctor may prescribe certain medications including blood thinners. You may also consider wearing a support hose for light compression to improve circulation. 

  • Respiratory Problems: Spinal cord injury can also cause the respiratory problems as the diaphragm can get paralyzed which may lead to respiratory problems. The patient might require a ventilator to breathe. But this is not necessary in all cases.  

  • Autonomic Dysreflexia: In people with spinal cord injury above the mid chest an irritation or pain may occur which results in a nerve signal that disrupts all the body functions. This condition is called Autonomic dysreflexia. It is a fatal condition as it may pose a risk of stroke. 

  • Sexual function: Sexual functionality and fertility may be affected due depending on injury and recovery from trauma. A urologist can suggest different option for sexual functioning.
  • Depression: Many people living with a spinal cord injury may develop depression as a result of changes in lifestyle. Medicines and regular therapy may help treat depression.
  • Muscle loss: Regular weight-bearing exercises using quadriplegic exercise equipment and electrical stimulation can prevent loss of muscle length and contractures.
  • Spasm Pain: Different types of pain-relieving products can help is reducing pain.
Make sure you consult your healthcare professional before opting for any treatment method.

Other Useful Links:

Quadriplegia/Tetraplegia
Spinal Cord Injuries
Sitting Pressure