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Spina Bifida is a congenital disease in which the formation of the spine does not occur properly. It is a disorder of the neural tube which is an embryonic structure that develops into the child’s brain and spinal cord. The neural tube starts to form early in the course of pregnancy and closes towards the end of the first month of conception. In babies with spina bifida the neural tube does not develop properly causing defects in the spinal cord and the vertebrae. Spina bifida can cause mild to severe complications depending upon the size and type of deformity.

Risk Factors Associated with Spina Bifida

The cause of Spina bifida is not known till date but it is presumed to occur due to the following risk factors:
  • Folate deficiency or genetic factors
  • Poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy can result in a child with spina bifida
  • Obesity leading to neural tube defects
  • High body temperature in early weeks of pregnancy

Complications Caused by Spina Bifida includes

  • Walking and mobility problems
  • Orthopedic complications
  • Bowel and bladder problems
  • Accumulation of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus)
  • Shunt malfunction
  • Chiari malformation type II
  • Infection in the tissues surrounding the brain (meningitis)
  • Tethered spinal cord
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
  • Skin problems
  • Latex allergy

Prevention of Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida can be prevented only before the birth of a child. Sometimes an ultrasound or AFP tests can diagnose whether the baby has spina bifida. In other cases, a visible sign on the back of the newborn can help diagnose the condition. Since the condition usually develops in the first few weeks of the pregnancy (often before the woman knows she is pregnant), doctors recommend the following preventive measure to reduce the risk of spina bifida in the baby:
  • A regular consumption of folic acid before planning a pregnancy is usually recommended. Consult your doctor to know how much is required and till which stage of the pregnancy you have to take a regular dose. Vitamin supplements infused with folic acid are a great way to consume folic acid with ease and safety. There are several foods that contain folic acid, such as enriched bread, pasta, rice, a few cereals, beans & peas, citrus fruits, egg yolks, milk, avocados, and dark green vegetables.
  • A consumption of high vitamin foods, especially foods that contain vitamin B can aid in preventing spina bifida.

Treatment of Spina Bifida

The complete treatment of spina bifida is not possible by just using rehabilitation and medication techniques. Usually, doctors perform surgeries before the birth of the baby to treat spina bifida. But since this is a surgery that is highly niche, it is not performed in every city around the country. Other surgery treatments are performed after the baby is born.
One can also manage spina bifida through physical activities that reduce the complications that hamper a person’s daily activities. These physical activities include:
  • Sports and exercise therapy
  • A brisk morning or evening walk
  • Exercises recommended by physical therapists
  • Attend summer camps and recreational activities

Rehabilitation of Spina Bifida

Sometimes spina bifida goes undetected all together. Later on in life, this condition can cause multiple physical complications as mentioned before. One can use a wide range of daily aids and rehabilitation aids to help manage the complications of spina bifida. These include:

Where to Buy Spina Bifida Products Online?

Buy vitamin supplements, daily aids, mobility aids, and much more from quality manufacturers like Maddak, Chattanooga Group, Concepts In Confidence, Core Products, etc. at best prices and attractive discounts on HPFY!