Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system (Brain and Spinal cord) that may cause permanent disability. It is an autoimmune disease in which body’s own immune system attacks the Myelin Sheath (Protective lining) of the nerves thereby causing communication issues between the central nervous system and other body parts. Eventually with the progression of the disease the nerve fibers also get damaged permanently. Some people with MS might lose their ability to walk permanently while in some cases patients may walk but with difficulty.
The symptoms of MS vary from person to person depending upon the amount of nerve damage. Sometimes patients may also go through long periods of remission without any new symptoms. People with Multiple sclerosis may experience:
Muscle spasms and stiffness Paralysis of the lower body loss of bladder, bowel or sexual function Forgetfulness or mood swings Depression Epilepsy Multiple sclerosis cannot be cured but treatment can be undertaken for fast recovery from attacks, manage symptoms and modify the course of the disease. It can be best done with a multidisciplinary approach.
There is no complete cure for multiple sclerosis and so one has to use several aids to cope with the multiple conditions that are caused by MS. The different types of aids include:
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Symptoms of multiple slerosis include blurred vision, loss of immunity and balance, poor coordination, slurred speech, tremors, numbness, extreme fatigue, problems with memory and concentration, paralysis, and blindness and more.
Multiple sclerosis may occour in people of any age, gender, and any ethnic background. MS is mostly diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 40, but it may develop in young children, teens and older adults as well. MS is more common in women than in men, by a ratio of 3 to 1. Individuals with a parent or sibling with MS have a slightly increased risk.
Although, there is no cure for MS yet, but treatment plans may help in reducing the progress and symptoms oF MS. Long-term medications should be started as early as possible MS is diagnosed. Heavy doses of anti-inflammatory medicines, called corticosteroids, are used to treat relapses. Other drugs and therapies with lifestyle changes, can help you better manage the day-to-day symptoms of MS.
No, MS is not contagious but you may be at a higher risk if your parent or sibling has been diagnosed multiple sclerosis.