Knee pain is a very common symptom that can emerge due to several conditions or injuries. The knee is one of the strongest joints in the human body that supports the entire upper body and is the hinge joint that enables sitting and standing. An injury or condition can impair the knee and cause pain and inflammation in the knee. This impairs a person from executing daily activities as well as can be highly discomforting.
Causes of Knee Pain
Knee pain is one of the most uncomfortable pains one can experience since the knee is used for almost all physical functions of a person. A paining knee will sting with the slightest of movement. There are a number of reasons one might experience pain in their knee:
- Lack of nutrients such as vitamin D, calcium, potassium, and iron
- Tears in the tendons or ligaments of the knee
- Weak bones of the knee or reduced bone density
- Conditions such as arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, fractures, etc.
- Neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy, atrophy, sclerosis, etc.
Preventing Knee Pain
Preventing knee pain includes a change in the way you execute your daily activities as well as dietary intake. An individual should also make sure they do not over exert their knee if they suffer from a condition or injury.
- Ensure that you do sudden or intense movements that might damage the knee.
- Stay active and healthy in your daily routine by exercising daily
- Add foods that contain calcium and vitamins to your diet
- Make sure you maintain a proper posture at all times, and also ensure that your gait is proper
- Reduce the intake of alcohol and tobacco as they weaken the bones
Treatment of Knee Pain
There are two major ways to treat knee pain, rehabilitation and pain relief. Rehabilitation includes training the knee joint to strengthen it and prevent further damage to it as well as expediting its healing. Pain relief uses multiple therapies to reduce the pain and inflammation of the joint.
- Exercise and Stretching – Exercise therapy can improve the strength of the bones and muscles of the joint. Exercises include swimming, leg stretching, step exercises, etc. Exercise can also help in keep the weight of the body in check to reduce the load on the knees.
- Yoga – Yoga is the ancient technique to improve overall body health. It can help a person stay health and pain free. Yoga exercise mats can form an excellent base for several postures or aasanas that can aid in reducing pain and inflammation of the knee.
- Elevation Pillows – Elevation pillows help in increasing the circulation of blood to the knees and giving a pelvic tilt to your body for increasing health of the lower body. It also relaxes the spine and helps reduce pain in the knee joints.
- Hot and Cold Therapy – Hot and cold therapy helps in reducing inflammation and relieving pain. It goes deep down into the muscles and enhances their strength and increases blood flow to them.
- Massage Therapy – Massage therapy can provide immediate relief from pain. It helps in reducing the strain on the knee by relaxing the muscles and improving the strength of the ligaments and tendons.
- Topical Analgesics – Topical analgesics such as lotions, creams, and ointments quickly penetrate into the skin and provide immediate relief to the pain. They use multiple organic and allopathic ingredients to provide instant results
- Knee Braces – Knee braces and supports allow for gentle compression and immobility to reduce inflammation and prevent further damage to the knee.
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Frequently asked questions
Causes of knee pain may include:
- Congenital disorders
- Excess weight
- Misalignment of the spine
- Sports injury
- Trauma (such as torn meniscus, a dislocation or a ligament injury)
- Weakness in surrounding muscles and soft tissues
Knee pain is mostly due to twisting injuries to the knee: ACL, meniscus, or ligament injuries.
Overuse knee injuries may occur with repetitive activities or repeated or prolonged pressure on the knee. Activities like stair climbing, bicycle riding, jogging, or jumping stress the joints and other tissues and can lead to irritation and inflammation.
Treatment for a knee pain or injury include first aid measures in case of injuries, rest, bracing, physical therapy, medicine, and in extreme cases surgery.
Runner’s knee a combination of several specific disorders, including iliotibial band syndrome (IT band syndrome) and patellafemoral pain syndrome. Runner’s knee is common among runners and may affect any athlete who participates in high impact activities that include a lot of knee bending such as walking, biking, and jumping. It usually causes aching pain around the knee cap.