Frequently Asked Questions on Obesity

What is the difference between obesity and being overweight?

Body Mass Index (BMI) is the measure that is used to determine weather a person is overweight or obese. It is a ratio of a persons weight to his height. If the BMI lies between 25 to 29.9 then the person in question is overweight. If the BMI is above 30 then the person is said to be obese.

What is the main cause of obesity?
The main cause of obesity is eating out of propotions and/or not getting enough exercise. Genetics and cultural and environmental factors may also lead to obesity.
What risks does obesity pose on one''s health?

Obesity may pose many health risks and can be a cause of diseases like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, gallbladder disease, breathing problems, certain types of cancer, chronic back pain, and osteoarthritis.

What are the daily living aids that may help a person with obesity?

Daily aids like exercise equipment, bariatric pressure relief mattresses, extra wide toilet seats, bariatric chairs, bathroom aids etc. may help people with obesity.

When is a surgery recommended for bariatric people?

A surgery may be advised by the doctor if your body mass index (BMI) is 35 or higher and you have risk factors, or your BMI is 40 or higher with no risk factors.

What are the risk factors of osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis may occur due to the following reasons:

  • Family history
  • Frequent falls
  • A previous fracture
  • Long-term bed rest
  • Little physical activity
  • Low body weight
  • A diet low in calcium and vitamin D
  • High alcohol intake
  • Smoking
  • Certain medications in long-term use such as corticosteroids
  • Age 60+
  • Chronic disorders such as anorexia nervosa, malabsorption syndromes including coeliac disease and Crohn''s disease, chronic liver disease, primary hyperparathyroidism, post-transplantation, chronic renal failure, hyperthyroidism, Cushing''s syndrome, arthriti
How to prevent weak bones?

If you have a family history with osteoporosis or any personal risk factors that may affect your bone health you must undertake these preventive measures - ensure that you get enough calcium and vitamin D each day, eat a healthy diet, do regular weight-bearing exercises, say no to alcohol and smoke and contact your healthcare professional.