A heel spur is basically a calcium deposit that causes a bony protrusion on the underside of the heel bone. Heel spurs are diagnosed by an X-ray. On an X-ray, a heel spur can extend forward by as much as a half-inch.
Treatments for heel spurs include exercise, custom-made orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and cortisone injections. In case, If conservative treatments do not work, surgery may be necessary.
Heel spurs can be caused by strains on foot muscles and ligaments, stretching of the plantar fascia, and repeated tear of the membrane that covers the heel bone. Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone. This a process occurs gradually over a period of many months.
Heel spurs often exhibit no symptoms. Heel spurs may cause intermittent or chronic pain, especially while walking, jogging, or running in case inflammation develops at the point of the spur formation. In general, the cause of the pain is not the heel spur itself but the soft-tissue injury associated with it.
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