Frequently Asked Questions on Skin Care


What are acnes?
Acnes are what you would also call zits, pimples or blemishes. Teenagers face the brunt of it even though people of other ages can get acne. Hormones have a major role to play in its development.
Where do these acnes appear?
Acnes would usually appear on the face, chest, back, neck and shoulders. These are the areas where oil glands thrive and allow bacteria to build up.
What causes these acnes?
There are three main factors that lead to the appearance of acne. These are overproduction of oil (sebum), irregular peeling off of dead skin cells and build-up of bacteria.
What role do hormones play in the development of acne?
Hormonal changes in the body can add to your woes. This is especially the case with teenagers, women and girls two to seven days before their periods, pregnant women and users of cortisone.
What are the risk factors?

The risk factors include:

  • Hormones: Hormonal changes bring on the acne.
  • Heredity: If your family history shows acne, you might as well be prepared for it.
  • Exposure: Direct contact with grease or certain cosmetics can cause acne.
  • Friction: Constant pressure on the skin by objects like phones or helmets can lead to their development.
  • How can acne be treated?
    Treating acne would primarily include reducing oil production. Again, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection and reducing the inflammation would also help bring down acne.
    What are the types of acnes?

    Acnes appear as comedones, papules, nodules, pustules and cysts:

  • Comedones: These are commonly referred to as whiteheads and blackheads. They are formed when hair follicles become clogged at the opening because of oil, dead skin cells or bacteria.
  • Papules: These are tender raised bumps, red in color. They occur when hair follicles get infected or inflamed.
  • Nodules: Accumulation of secretion in hair follicles lead to the appearance of lumps. These are nodules and can be painful.
  • Pustules: They are red and tender swellings with white pus at the tip.
  • Cysts: These form below the skin and can leave behind scars.