Type 1: In this form of diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. This condition can be treated by taking daily injections of insulin.
Type 2: In this form, sufficient insulin is produced. However, the body's cells do not recognize insulin in the bloodstream. They are not able to get glucose they need to make energy. People with Type 2 diabetes do not need to take insulin.
Lancets are the sharp devices to prick and draw a small drop of blood, to test for glucose. These are generally used with lancing devices.
Lancing devices hold the lancets firmly and help prick skin in a very controlled way. The depth of the prick can be adjusted so as to make sure that this only goes in as deep as required. Different areas of skin will need different adjustments.
Glucose meters are small battery-operated devices to measure glucose level in the blood. To test for glucose, place a small sample of blood on a "test strip" and place the strip in the meter. The meter measures how much glucose is present. The meter displays the glucose level as a number.
Some meters measure the amount of electricity that can pass throught the sample. Others measure how much light reflects from it. Certain models record and store a number of test results. Some models can also connect to PCs to store test results and print them out.
It is very important to test the accuracy of the test strip and glucose meters on a regular basis. Glucose control solutions are used for this. A glucose control test is performed exactly like a glucose blood test. The glucose control solution is used instead of blood to do the test. The difference is that what the result should be is known.
Symptoms of diabetes include:
Diabetes can be diagnosed with blood tests taken at hospital laboratory in case any of the above symptoms show up. Blood Glucose monitors help in monitoring the blood sugar levels in diabetic patients on a regular basis.
For an individual without diabetes, a fasting blood sugar on awakening should be under 100 mg/dl. Before-meal normal sugars are 70–99 mg/dl. “Postprandial” sugars taken two hours after meals should be less than 140 mg/dl.
Your healthcare provider may personalize your blood glucose target for your specific medical conditions. Blood glucose targets must be in a healthy range to prevent diabetes complications, and to keep you safe from serious low blood glucose levels.
Diabetes may cause nerve damage or decreased blood flow to your limbs which can affect your feet in many ways. Foot problems may occur like
It is Important to take care of your feet with the help of foot care products like foot creams, diabetic footwear, foot brushes, medicated foot ulcer treatment ointments etc.
Insulin pumps deliver rapid- or short-acting insulin 24 hours a day through a catheter placed under your skin. Insulin doses are separated into basal rates, Bolus doses to cover carbohydrate in meals and Correction or supplemental doses
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