Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that can affect any part of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. It causes inflammation of the affected area, leading to abdominal pain, fatigue, severe diarrhea, malnutrition, and weight loss. The range of severity often varies from mild to debilitating. While there is no known cure for this disease, therapies can help reduce its symptoms and can even bring about a long-term relief. With proper treatment and care, people with Crohn's disease can live a normal life.
Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease
The earliest symptoms of Crohn’s disease are as follows:
- Blood in stools
- Abdominal cramps
- Mouth sores
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Feeling that your bowels are not empty
- Feeling the need to empty the bowel frequently
Some symptoms may get worse as the disease progresses. These symptoms include:
- Inflammation of the skin and joints
- Perianal fistula, causing pain and drainage near anus
- Ulcers occurring anywhere from the mouth to the anus
- Decreased ability to exercise
- Shortness of breath
Treatment of Crohn’s Disease
There is no exact cure for Crohn’s Disease, but there are several other things one can do to control the symptoms as well as reduce the effect of Crohn’s Disease.
Since Crohn’s disease is associated to the digestive tract, the first change one should undertake is regulating the diet. What we eat is directly related the health of our body, and irregular consumption of food, consuming huge amounts of junk food, and eating adulterated food, can cause huge complications within the digestive tract. A high nutrient diet is necessary for the body to function properly and a good concentration of healthy food also keeps the digestive system healthy. Consuming vitamin and nutrient enriched food supplement
can make up for the reduced nutrient content in your body.
A healthy excretory system is also paramount to a healthy digestive system. One should have adequate amount of fibrous food in their daily diet to make sure that excretion is safe and healthy. Fibrous supplements can be helpful in enhancing the health of the excretory system.
Other Treatment and Prevention Methods
- Take medicines like steroid tablets to reduce inflammation in the digestive system.
- Take medicines to stop the inflammation from coming back.
- Surgery to remove a small part of the digestive system can sometimes be a better treatment option than medicines.
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Frequently asked questions
Chrohn''s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines. This disease causes ulcerations in the small and large intestines, but it may affect the digestive system anywhere from the mouth to the anus.
Symptoms of Crohn’s disease include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. Less common symptoms include poor appetite, fever, night sweats, rectal pain, and rectal bleeding. In some cases, individuals with Crohn's disease may also develop symptoms outside of the gastrointestinal tract; these symptoms include arthritis, skin rash, and inflammation of the iris of the eye. Extreme bloating, abdominal pain, and constipation with some diarrhea are unusual symptoms of Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease may be due to an abnormal response of the immune system. Food or bacteria in the intestines, or even the lining of the bowel that may cause the uncontrolled inflammation associated with Crohn's disease.
Complications due to crohn’s disease include:
- obstruction and perforation of the small intestine,
- abscesses (collections of pus),
- fistulae, and
- intestinal bleeding.
There is no cure for the crohn’s disease but treatment can be undertaken
- to reduce inflammation by prescribed pain killers and abdominal binders
- to relieve symptoms of pain, diarrhea, and bleeding
- to eliminate nutritional deficiencies with supplements