Aquatic Therapy circles around treatment, rehabilitation, prevention, health, wellness and fitness of patients in an aquatic environment with using assistive, adaptive, orthotic, protective, or supportive devices and equipment.
The temperature of water in aqua therapy pools is maintained at a thermoneutral (34.5-35.5°C) which is a temperature that will not affect your core body temperature. It promotes vasodilation of peripheral blood vessels and improves circulation as a result reduces pain and muscle spasm.
It is prohibited to treat any patient in a pool water temperature more than 35.5°C. This is due to the considerable effects temperature has on the cardiovascular system. At thermoneutral (34.5-35.5°C) a person’s core temperature is not affected but as it raises to 37°C the core temperature rises and blood pressure drops, even without exercise cardiac output increases to 80% and heart rate to 105bpm.
Exercise bikes, walkers, pool exercise kits, aquatic stepper, treadmill etc. are equipments that aid in water therapy exercises.
Aquatic therapy involves providing therapeutic treatment in water to improve strength, flexibility and cardiovascular endurance. The purpose of aqua therapy is rehabilitating patients who are recovering from an injury or illness.
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